Graphic video of a rare Sumatran tiger dying in a trap is evidence of the destruction being wrought on endangered wildlife by palm oil and paper companies in Indonesia, Greenpeace said.
The tiger suffered for seven days in a pig trap set by villagers near a logging concession owned by Singapore-based packaging giant Asia Pulp and Paper (APP), the environmental group said.
The 18-month-old Sumatran tiger, one of only 300-400 left in the wild, died three hours after it was tranquilized by local conservation officials, AFP reported.
"Due to land clearing by the company, the tigers have to leave their habitat," Greenpeace Southeast Asia forest campaigner Zulfahmi said.
"We urge the company to stop its land clearing activity in Indonesia... to avoid endangered animals becoming extinct."
Greenpeace says rampant logging by APP and other companies which own vast swaths of Indonesian forest is driving the tigers into closer contact with people.
Several of the big cats die every year as a result of traps and poaching, or are shot by villagers. Fatal tiger attacks are also common as the predators hunt in closer proximity to settled areas.
APP spokeswoman Aida Greenbury blamed villagers for the death of the tiger and said any suggestion that the company's nearby logging operations were responsible were "not only grossly inaccurate but deeply offensive".
"The death of any Sumatran tiger is a tragic situation. Unfortunately human-tiger conflict has long been a reality of life in Indonesia," she said.
A tiger conservation organization that receives APP funding also blamed local people for setting the trap, not the company for destroying the tiger's habitat.
"It's the local people who set up the animal trap. Unless APP set up the trap, then we cannot blame the company," Sumatran Tiger Conservation Foundation organizer Bastoni said.
The global tiger population is estimated at just 3,200, down from 100,000 a century ago, according to conservation group WWF
"Over the last 70 years Indonesia has lost the Balinese and the Javan tiger," Tom Maddox, Indonesia coordinator for the Zoological Society of London, told Mongabay website.
"As available habitat declines, the tigers that survive are increasingly coming into contact with people."