Europe's highest court ruled on Tuesday that the stem cell research method developed by a German scientist could not be patented, Agence France Presse reports.
Professor Oliver Bruestle's procedure allows stem cells from human embryos to be converted into nerve cells, with potential applications for the treatment of Parkinson's disease.
But the EU Court of Justice ruled that:
"a process which involves removal of a stem cell from a human embryo at the blastocyst [early embryonic development] stage, entailing the destruction of that embryo, cannot be patented."
Judges referred to a European Union that prohibits any patents related to human embryos, Der Speigel explains. Their decision therefore means that any human ovum must be considered as an embryo as soon as fertilisation takes place.
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Basic research will be allowed to continue, reports the Daily Mail, but without patents commercial development will no longer be financially viable.
The landmark ruling was hailed by Greenpeace, which brought the case against Bruestle's patent in Germany.
Spokesperson Christoph Then said:
"The court has said that ethics take priority over commercial interests."
Scientists, however, criticised the decision. Professor Bruestle called it "an unbelieveable setback for biomedical stem cell research", while Professor Austin Smith of Cambridge University's Wellcome Trust Centre for Stem Cell Research told the BBC:
"We are funded to do research for the public good, yet prevented from taking our discoveries to the marketplace where they could be developed into new medicines.
"One consequence is that the benefits of our research will be reaped in America and Asia."
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