Tom Hennigan is the South America correspondent for The Irish Times and is based in São Paulo, Brazil.
Francis has been much better received in Brazil than his predecessor was, but can he restore the church's dominance?
Some in the region see a streak of liberation theology in Francis, who is in Brazil this week for World Youth Day.
Sao Paulo's poor and middle classes are challenging the narrative that Brazil has left its economic problems behind.
As Brazilian Catholics celebrate the first Latin American pope, the church has a close eye on shifting dynamics in the world's most Catholic country.
Analysis: Though widely considered among the favorites, Scherer is not very popular among his Brazilian colleagues.