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Analysis: A controversial titan of diplomacy dies, urging an end to 10-year war.
KABUL, Afghanistan — The last words uttered by Richard Holbrooke were, according to family members, a plea to end what he saw as an increasingly unwinnable military engagement.
“You’ve got to stop this war in Afghanistan,” he told his Pakistani surgeon, as reported in the Washington Post. Holbrooke never recovered from the surgery, his death reported Monday evening.
It is characteristic of this hard-driving, high-octane professional that his final thoughts would be of the task that he had left undone. But in the end Afghanistan defeated even this titan of diplomacy.
Holbrooke’s last post, as the Obama administration's special representative to Afghanistan and Pakistan, will most likely not figure among his finest hours. Long-time friend and colleague Peter Galbraith, who served as ambassador to Croatia while Holbrooke was negotiating an end to the Balkan war, told the BBC Monday evening that the Dayton Accords, signed in 1995 and effectively putting an end to hostilities in the three-year conflict in Yugoslavia, would serve as Holbrooke’s legacy.
Afghanistan, added Galbraith, was a “morass” with no clear solution.
Holbrooke faced formidable odds in Afghanistan, and by most accounts his contribution to the effort there was ineffectual. He was too much on the outside of the administration debate, and was resented by many for the high-handed manner and the bullying tactics that earned him the nickname “Bulldozer.” His views were often brushed aside by a policy establishment that had its own agenda, and had little time or patience for his contrarian views.
But the controversy surrounding Holbrooke and his role in Afghanistan was carefully edited out of the narrative on Tuesday, as everyone from President Barack Obama to Afghan President Hamid Karzai rushed to pay tribute to the fallen colossus.
Obama called him “a true giant of American foreign policy who has made America stronger, safer and more respected.”
A spokesman for Karzai told the media, "We are saddened by his death, it is a big loss. He had done great services for Afghanistan."
Karzai himself expressed his condolences to the American people.
But most observers acknowledge that Holbrooke was a problematic figure in both Kabul and Washington.
According to White House insiders, Holbrooke was an outspoken critic of Obama’s Afghan strategy, as it was being developed in advance of last year’s West Point speech. The much-discussed policy of a troop surge followed by a hasty withdrawal seemed ill-considered to the veteran diplomat, who cut his foreign policy teeth on the catastrophe of Vietnam.
“It can’t work,” he is reported to have said of the White House plan. Holbrooke was opposed to an escalation of the war without a clear exit strategy, something that he said loudly and repeatedly.
According to “Obama’s Wars,” Bob Woodward’s detailed account of the debates surrounding Obama’s Afghanistan policy, this earned him the impatience and even the distrust of the White House incumbent.
“Holbrooke believed that [the policy group] had not acknowledged a central truth: The war — or the American role in the war — would not end in military victory,” wrote Woodward. Holbrooke, he added, believed in reconciliation — a genuine outreach to the other side.
Holbrooke was just as unpalatable to the Afghan president, due to a widely publicized but repeatedly downplayed conflict the two men had following Afghanistan’s fraud-plagued presidential elections in 2009.
Holbrooke, according to numerous media reports, as well as the account in Woodward’s book, broached the subject of a runoff in the days following the Aug. 19 ballot. Karzai, who had all but declared victory before the polls closed, completely rejected the possibility of a second round, insisting that the United States was conspiring against him.
Holbrooke did not return to Kabul for several months following the angry meeting with Karzai; the final negotiations on a runoff were conducted by longtime Holbrooke friend and supporter, Sen. John Kerry (D-Mass.). Credible rumors said that Holbrooke had been sidelined due to his conflict with the Afghan president, although Holbrooke himself denied this.
But on Afghanistan, as on so many issues throughout the years, Holbrooke may be proved right after all.