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Pacific braces for tsunami after Chile quake

Governments worldwide scramble to prepare for a looming threat.

NOAA images of projected tsunami travel times and a preliminary forecast model energy map. (NOAA/Handout/Reuters)

MEXICO CITY, Mexico — Nations surrounding the Pacific Ocean on Saturday braced for a tsunami that could unleash tidal waves on their shores, testing the response-mechanisms built up following the 2004 earthquake in the Indian Ocean.

From Alaska to Peru, Japan to Papua New Guinea, governments scrambled to emergency meetings and put out warnings to coastal areas while geological and maritime teams threw all hands on deck to gather information.

The tsunami alert was put out after a massive 8.8-magnitude earthquake erupted in the south Pacific off the Chilean coast at 3:34 a.m. local time.

That quake was hundreds of times stronger than the 7.0-magnitude tremor that devastated Haiti in January. It was so powerful that it hammered the nearby town of Concepcion, brought down buildings 200 miles away in the capital Santiago and was felt across South America from Argentina to Ecuador.

Slideshow: scenes of destruction

Chilean President Michelle Bachelet declared “a state of catastrophe,” in central Chile saying that more than 120 people are confirmed dead so far.

“Without a doubt, with an earthquake of this magnitude, there will be more deaths," Bachelet said. “People should remain calm … . We are doing everything we can with all the forces we have. Any information will be shared immediately."

President Barack Obama said the U.S. is ready to assist Chile in rescue and recovery efforts should it ask for help. "We can't control nature, but we can and must be prepared for disaster when it strikes," he said about the looming tsunami threat.

Experts reported that the quake had generated a dangerous swelling of waves across the Pacific basin.

The U.S. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center based in Hawaii slammed its warning light to red — or severe — and advised governments in the region to respond.

“Sea level readings confirm that a tsunami has been generated which could cause widespread damage. Authorities should take appropriate action in response to this threat,” the center said.

“A tsunami is a series of waves and the first wave may not be the largest,” the center added. “Tsunami wave heights cannot be predicted. The time between one tsunami wave to the next can be five minutes to an hour.”

http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/chile/100227/earthquake-tsunami-pacific