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Chile quake: The view from Valdivia

Assessing the damage from a city that has already faced "the big one."

The nearly 50-years-old concrete dock at the Muelle Schuster, the main river port in the center of town, split into two. Chilean Naval Captain Srdjan Darrigrande, who is in charge of the port, said boats are prohibited from heading out to sea for the next three days. He said that though the biggest damage is likely behind Chile, they must take precautions. "We don't want to create hysteria. We are encouraging people to stay calm," he said.

Islands throughout the Pacific braced for a possible tsunami after diverse reports that several central Chile beach towns were partially under water after being pounded by waves at least 6 feet higher than normal.

On Chile’s Robinson Crusoe Island, part of Juan Fernandez National Park, about 30 percent of the houses, several hotels and the government's municipal office were said to have disappeared after being hit by giant waves. Pedro Forteza, a pilot who visited the island after the tsunami hit, told Chilean National Television that “the damage is much worse than anyone can imagine. At least 40-50 houses are gone."

But the epicenter of the earthquake was off the coast of Cobquecura, a town of more than 5,600 people where radio reports said 95 percent of the town was completely destroyed.

Chileans can expect more tremors, including the possibility of another earthquake in the weeks ahead, said experts. There were more than 60 aftershocks on Saturday, with three measuring greater than 6 on the Richter scale.

Seismologists worldwide say the Chile quake was significantly stronger than the tremor that devastated Haiti on Jan. 12. Mark Benthien of the USC Earthquake Center told the Los Angeles Times that an 8.8 quake causes roughly 500 "times the shaking" that Haiti's 7.o quake produced.

In part because Chile is one of the world’s most seismic countries, and thus with strict building codes, many buildings suprisingly stood up to this powerful earthquake. Still, Chileans are becoming more aware of the massive damage as new images and reports come to light.

Recovery efforts are underway and Chile President Michelle Bachelet told national television that nearly 2 million Chileans are believed affected by the earthquake to varying degrees. Officals expect it will take at least a year to repair all the damage.

“We are facing at a catacylsm of historic proportions,” said Chilean Interior Minister Edmundo Perez Yoma.

http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/chile/100228/chile-earthquake-damage