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The former exchange student could face civil penalties, jail time even if she is found innocent of murder.
Kercher’s family, for example, is seeking compensation of 22 million British pounds ($36.3 million) from Knox, Sollecito and Guede. It is possible (though unlikely) that Knox and Sollecito could be found innocent of the murder charges for technical reasons, but still found responsible for Kercher’s death, according to Francesco Maresa, the Kercher family lawyer.
Additionally, Diya “Patrick” Lumumba, a Congolese national who owns a bar the defendants frequented in Perugia, is seeking unspecified damages from Knox, after her early testimony implicated him in the murder. Police investigators later cleared him of the charges but he claims his reputation was irrevocably damaged when he was jailed and investigated based on Knox’s claims.
The Perugia police have also filed a defamation suit against Knox, her father Curt Knox and his ex-wife, Edda Mellas, who told London's Sunday Times that the younger Knox was verbally and physically abused while in police custody.
“She said she was hit hard in the back of the head with an open hand,” the newspaper quoted Curt Knox as saying. Police claim the charges are groundless.
Lastly, Knox’s parents could file extradition papers if Knox is held guilty, on grounds that she should be jailed closer to her family in Seattle. The request is unlikely to be granted if she is found guilty of murder, since Italian law prohibits extradition for capital crimes to countries where the death penalty is in force. But the request could be granted if she is charged with a lesser crime as part of a plea bargain, lawyers said.
“The Italian penal code is very technical, very specific,” said Giancarlo Costa, who worked as Knox’s attorney early in the trial but has since stepped down. He said he could not comment on specific aspects of the case because of attorney-client privilege, though he did acknowledge that a great many outcomes were possible and that he had no doubt that Knox and Sollecito were receiving a fair trial.
“The legal protections for the rights of the accused and the penal procedures are very modern and very well thought out,” he said. “I don’t know what will happen, but I think most experts following the case believe justice will be done.”