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Can Jordan dodge the downturn bullet?

It is expecting thousands of workers home from the Gulf, but whether that's a positive remains to be seen.

This major project in downtown Amman is still underway, but as the global financial crisis threatens the Middle East many other projects are being put on hold. (Tom A. Peter/GlobalPost)

AMMAN — As other nations come to terms with mass layoffs, shattered fortunes and home foreclosures, in Jordan the sense of impending economic catastrophe is conspicuously absent.

Certainly, construction, tourism and other industries are feeling the sting of the meltdown, but many economists here see it as more of an opportunity than a threat.

As recession overtakes the Gulf countries, nations like Jordan are well situated to use the situation to restructure their economies and win back laborers who have long been lured by higher wages in the Gulf and overseas. Experts, however, warn that without fast action and government assistance, the chance may pass Jordan by.

“The effect of the overall global recession on Jordan should be positive, not negative,” says Yusuf Mansur, CEO of EnConsult, an economic consulting firm in Amman.

More than 20 percent of Jordan’s gross domestic product comes from remittances sent home by citizens outside the country. The Arabian Gulf alone is home to nearly 10 percent of Jordan’s population.

Though an influx of jobless workers may seem menacing, Mansur said, those returning are likely to bring considerable savings they accrued in the Gulf. When Jordanian workers returned from Kuwait after the first Gulf War, for example, the economy grew by more than 16 percent.

But that boom period was short-lived, as the returnees spent their money and then struggled to find work.

“In the immediate future these countries are going to be in a fire-fighting mode, with much of the labor returning,” says Krishna Kumar, a senior economist who specializes in economic growth and development at the RAND Corporation.

However, Kumar says that instead of seeing this as a burden, countries like Jordan could potentially use it as an opportunity to restructure the economic landscape.

“This kind of a crisis gives political cover for a lot of reform-minded policy makers in these labor exporting countries to say, ‘We’ve benefited from exporting labor, that was one step in the development. Now here is a perfect opportunity for us to move to the higher end of development and start making goods ourselves,’” he says.

To date, though, Jordan has yet to take any major actions to facilitate such opportunities. Despite a healthy foreign reserve that grew by 12.7 percent in 2008, Jordanian officials have largely adhered to prudent financial policies and maintained high interest rates — in December the weighted average interest rate on loans and advances was 9.48 percent, according to the Central Bank of Jordan.

http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/jordan/090313/can-jordan-dodge-the-downturn-bullet