The leader of a March coup that ousted Mali's government, exacerbating a crisis in which Islamist rebels went on to seize over half the country, was sworn in Wednesday as head of a military reform committee.
Captain Amadou Sanogo was sworn in to the new post, created for him as an incentive to accept a transitional government tasked with steering the country to elections, by interim president Dioncounda Traore in a ceremony at the presidency.
Sanogo's new post comes with living quarters at the army chief of staff's offices in Bamako -- an arrangement political and military sources said was a bid to lure him away from his loyalists in the garrison town of Kati, where he and the rest of his junta had set up headquarters.
Sanogo, who received military training in the United States, led a group of fellow mid-level officers to overthrow then-president Amadou Toumani Toure on March 22, accusing him of letting separatist rebels humiliate the Malian army.
The coup upended what had been considered one of west Africa's most stable democracies.
Sanogo styled himself a Malian Charles de Gaulle, promising to rescue the country just as the World War II hero rescued France.
Under pressure from regional mediators, he grudgingly handed power to the interim government on April 13.
But he continued to pull strings behind the scenes, notably by forcing interim prime minister Cheick Modibo Diarra to resign by ordering his arrest.
Amid the disarray in the capital Bamako, Islamist extremists hijacked the independence rebellion and seized the country's vast desert north, implementing a brutal form of sharia.
With Mali's collapsing army powerless to stop them, interim leader Traore made a plea for help, and Mali's former colonial ruler France launched a military intervention on January 11.
The French-led operation has forced the Islamists from the towns they controlled.
But the insurgents have continued attacking reclaimed territory with suicide bombings and guerrilla assaults.
The Malian army also continues to be deeply divided.
On Friday a gunfight broke out between paratroopers loyal to ousted president Toure and other units loyal to Sanogo, killing two civilians.
The violence erupted on the same day a first group of European Union military instructors arrived to train the Malian army to deal with the insurgents.