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Libya since start of anti-Kadhafi revolt

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(Globalpost/GlobalPost)

Key events in Libya since the start of an uprising that ousted and killed Moamer Kadhafi after 42 years of rule.

- 2011

February 15-19: Start of unprecedented protests against Kadhafi's rule which are violently suppressed. Protests soon turn into an insurgency and armed conflict.

- March 19: An operation is launched by Paris, Washington and London under a UN mandate before NATO mounts air strikes in Libya on March 31.

- August 23: Rebels capture Kadhafi's headquarters in Tripoli, marking the fall of his regime.

- October 20: Kadhafi captured and killed while trying to flee Sirte, his home town and the last major city to fall to NATO-backed rebels who rose up against his regime nine months earlier.

- October 23: The former rebel National Transitional Council (NTC) declares Libya's "total liberation" and says more than 30,000 people were killed in the conflict.

- October 31: NATO announces the end of its military role.

- November 19: Seif al-Islam, Kadhafi's most prominent son who is wanted by the International Criminal Court, captured by militiamen and detained in the hilltown of Zintan, southwest of Tripoli.

- December 12-13: Hundreds protest against the NTC in the eastern city of Benghazi, cradle of the revolt.

- 2012

- June: More than 100 die and 500 are wounded in a week of tribal fighting southwest of Tripoli. Numerous tribal clashes take place, with nearly 50 killed in Kufra. In February, violence in the southeastern desert town kills more than 100.

- July 7: Libyans vote for the first time to elect a national assembly, named the General National Congress.

- A coalition of small liberal parties emerges victorious in the election, while the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood takes the number two position.

- August 8: The NTC transfers power to the GNC in a symbolic move marking the first peaceful transition in Libya's modern history.

- September 5: Mauritanian authorities extradite Kadhafi's ex-spy chief, Abdullah al-Senussi, also wanted by the International Criminal Court, to Libya.

- September 11: Four Americans, including US ambassador Chris Stevens, killed in an attack on the US consulate in Benghazi.

- September 23: Libyan authorities say they have decided to dissolve all militias and armed groups that do not come under state authority.

- October 14: The GNC elects Ali Zeidan, a human rights lawyer, as prime minister after Mustafa Abu Shagur fails to form a cabinet acceptable to all political factions.

- 2013

- January 12: Italian consul in Benghazi escapes an attack.

- January 24: Several Western countries urge their citizens to leave Benghazi.

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http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/afp/130216/libya-start-anti-kadhafi-revolt