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Unlike Europeans, South Africans do not unwittingly eat horse in their beef burgers and sausages, but they do eat donkey, water buffalo and goat according to a study by the Stellenbosch University.
Over two thirds of meat products tested contained undeclared ingredients, according to a recent research study, prompted by revelations about food production in Europe.
"Our study confirms that the mislabelling of processed meats is commonplace in South Africa and not only violates food labelling regulations, but also poses economic, religious, ethical and health impacts," said animal sciences professor Louw Hoffman.
"Unconventional species such as donkey, goat and water buffalo were also discovered in a number of products," said Hoffman in a statement on the university website.
Up to 68 percent of 139 meat samples from shops and butcheries had irregular ingredients, the DNA-based study found, with pork and chicken most often substituted for other meat.
Researchers even found plant matter in the minced meat, burger patties, sausages and deli and dried meat.
A lack of tough policing had facilitated the practice, said Hoffman.
"Even though we have local regulations that protect consumers from being sold falsely described or inferior foodstuffs, we need these measures to be appropriately enforced."
A vast food scandal has erupted in Europe after horsemeat was found in so-called beef ready-made meals and burgers.