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New Zealander Hamish Rutherford's 171 against England in the first Test at University Oval on Friday was the seventh-highest debut score in the 136 years of Test cricket history.
But Rutherford's dismissal meant Reginald "Tip" Foster's 287 for England against Australia in Sydney in 1903 remained unchallenged as the highest score by a Test debutant.
Mathew Sinclair remains New Zealand's top-scoring debutant, posting 214 against the West Indies in Wellington in 1999.
Rutherford, 23, scored 22 fours and three sixes in his first Test innings before being caught off the bowling of James Anderson after 340 minutes at the crease.
Highest individual scores on Test debut (score, player, country, opposition, venue, year):
287 Reginald "Tip" Foster ENG v AUS Sydney 1903
222 no Jacques Rudolph RSA v BAN Chittagong 2003
214 Lawrence Rowe WIS v NZL Kingston 1972
214 Mathew Sinclair NZL v WIS Wellington 1999
201 no Brendon Kuruppu SRI v NZL Colombo (CCC) 1987
176 George Headley WIS v ENG Bridgetown 1930
171 Hamish Rutherford NZL v ENG Dunedin 2013
170 Yasir Hameed PAK v BAN Karachi 2003
168 Fawad Alam PAK v SRI Colombo (PSS) 2009
166 Khalid 'Billy' Ibadulla PAK v AUS Karachi 1964
Note: CCC = Colombo Cricket Club, PSS = P Sara Stadium