Surrey fast bowler Chris Tremlett was on Tuesday named in England's 30-man squad for the mid-year international season.
The 31-year-old has not played a Test match since January 2012 due to a long-standing back problem and last featured in a first-class match in July last year.
But he has been handed an opportunity to prove he is fit enough for the rigours of international cricket, having played an important role in England's 2010-11 Ashes success in Australia.
"The players included in this squad reflect the progress they have made with senior England teams and the England Lions over the last 12 months," said England and Wales Cricket Board national selector Geoff Miller.
"All of the players named in the EPS (England Performance Squad) have been involved with one or more of the England squads during the winter, with the exception of Chris Tremlett, who has been going through a rehabilitation process."
There was no place for Nottinghamshire batsman James Taylor, however, despite gritty performances in the two Tests against South Africa last year.
He did not feature in either of the two most recent Test series and was the captain of the England Lions side routed 4-0 by Australia A in their one-day international series earlier this year.
England Performance Squad 2013
Alastair Cook (Test and one-day captain), Stuart Broad (Twenty20 captain), James Anderson, Jonny Bairstow, Ian Bell, Ravi Bopara, Tim Bresnan, Danny Briggs, Jos Buttler, Nick Compton, Jade Dernbach, Steven Finn, Alex Hales, James Harris, Craig Kieswetter, Michael Lumb, Stuart Meaker, Eoin Morgan, Graham Onions, Monty Panesar, Samit Patel, Kevin Pietersen, Matt Prior, Joe Root, Graeme Swann, James Tredwell, Chris Tremlett, Jonathan Trott, Chris Woakes, Luke Wright