Brazil over the past 10 days has seen its biggest protests in two decades, which have evoked comparisons with the Arab Spring and the unrest in Turkey.
The demonstrations were triggered by transit rate hikes, but have swelled with fury at the government's lavish spending on the soccer Confederations Cup and next year's World Cup, which critics say come at the expense of social programs.
-- JUNE 2013 --
- 11: 5,000 people demonstrate on Avenue Paulista, the main thoroughfare of the economic capital Sao Paulo, to protest a seven percent increase in the price of bus tickets. There are clashes with police and extensive damage including buses set on fire and broken shop windows.
Demonstrations as much smaller protests on June 6 in the southern city of Porto Alegre, before spreading that same day to Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Goiania in the center of Brazil, and Natal in the northeast.
- 13: In Sao Paulo, police clamp down on a protest which degenerates into clashes which lead to around 100 people injured and more than 230 arrested. The police intervention is criticized by the city's mayor, Fernando Haddad. Protests continue in Rio, Porto Alegre, Maceio in the northeast and Natal.
- 14: Some 200 homeless activists burn tires and block access to Brasilia's Mane Garrincha, one of the six host stadiums for the Confederations Cup, a day before the opening match of the tournament, which is seen as a dry run for next year's World Cup.
- 16: Police use tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse around 3,000 protestors outside Rio de Janeiro's Maracana stadium ahead of the Confederations Cup match between Italy and Mexico, a day after a demonstration at the Brasilia stadium.
- 17: More than 200,000 people take to the streets of major Brazilian cities, including Rio, Sao Paulo, Brasilia, Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza and Salvador.
Police use tear gas, pepper spray and rubber bullets to disperse small groups of masked youths engaging in acts of vandalism near Rio's state legislative assembly.
Rousseff declares that peaceful demonstrations are "legitimate and part of democracy."
Sports Minister Aldo Rebelo warns that authorities will not allow the protests to disrupt the international football tournaments that Brazil has pledged to host.
- 18: Rousseff says that the voices of hundreds of thousands of protestors across the country must "be heard."
Porto Alegre, Recife and other cities announce they are rolling back the decision to impose the controversial transit fare hikes.
- 19: The government deploys special federal police to protect Confederations Cup venues.
Bowing to the massive protests, officials in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro announce that they too will roll back the fare hikes.
In Fortaleza, some 10,000 protesters hurl stones at security forces, who respond with tear gas and rubber bullets, ahead of a Confederations Cup match between Brazil and Mexico.
- 20: New protests are planned across Brazil, despite the decision by major cities to rescind the fare raises.