Egypt since Morsi came to power

Key developments in Egypt since Islamist President Mohamed Morsi took the oath one year ago.

-- 2012 --


- 30: Morsi, elected with 51.7 percent of the vote, is sworn in, becoming Egypt's first civilian and Islamist president.


- 5: Gunmen kill 16 guards near Israel border.

- 12: Morsi scraps a constitutional document that gave sweeping powers to the military and sacks Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi who ruled after Hosni Mubarak's ouster in February, 2011.


- 22: Morsi decrees sweeping new powers for himself.

- 30: Islamist-dominated constituent assembly adopts a draft constitution despite boycott by liberals, Christians.


- 8: Morsi annuls decree giving himself increased powers.

- 15 and 22: 64 percent of voters in a two-round referendum back the new constitution.

Egypt plunges into political crisis, with demonstrations by Morsi supporters and opponents sometimes turning deadly.

-- 2013 --


- 24: Violence between demonstrators and police on the eve of the second anniversary of the uprising that toppled Mubarak. Nearly 60 people die in a week.


- 5: Four Christians and a Muslims are killed in sectarian violence.


- 7: Morsi cabinet reshuffle falls short of opposition demands.

- 16: Gunmen kidnap three policemen and four soldiers in the Sinai Peninsula. They are freed on May 22.


- 2: Egypt's highest court invalidates the Islamist-dominated Senate, which assumed a legislative role when parliament was dissolved, and a panel that drafted the constitution.

- 4: 43 Egyptian and foreign NGO employees are sentenced to jail for working illegally, causing international outrage.

- 15: Morsi announces "definitive" severing of ties with Syria.

- 21: Tens of thousands of Islamists gather ahead of planned opposition protests.

- 23: Defence Minister Abdel Fattah al-Sisi warns the army will intervene if violence erupts.

- 28: The US says non-essential embassy staff can leave after an American is killed during protests.

- 29: The Tamarod ("rebellion") campaign which called rallies for June 30 says more than 22 million have signed a petition demanding Morsi's resignation and a snap election.

- 30: Tens of thousands of Egyptians take to the streets nationwide determined to oust Morsi on the anniversary of his turbulent first year in power.

The health ministry says at least 16 people die in protests across the country.


- 1: The opposition gives Morsi a day to quit or face civil disobedience. The Tamarod calls on "the army, the police and the judiciary to clearly side with the popular will as represented by the crowds".

Egypt's armed forces warn that it will intervene if the people's demands are not met within 48 hours.