Argentina's army chief was charged Monday with "illicit enrichment" following an investigation that came after he was recommended for promotion by President Cristina Kirchner, officials said.
Prosecutors filed the charge against General Cesar Milani as part of a probe into assets declared in his tax returns.
Local news reports said Milani had a monthly salary of 15,000 pesos ($2,700) but owned an expensive home and cars and other possessions that drew the attention of investigators.
Kirchner recently recommended Milani, 59, for promotion to the army's highest rank, lieutenant general, but the process ran into trouble in the Congress over accusations of human rights abuses stemming from Argentina's 1976-83 military dictatorship.
The opposition demanded that Milani be relieved of his duties over allegations linking him to the disappearance of a soldier in 1976 and the kidnapping of a political activist the following year.
Milani vehemently denied the accusations.
"They are waging a campaign against me because I said I wanted an army that was at the service of a national, popular government," he told reporters.