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Tunisia since the ouster of Ben Ali

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(Globalpost/GlobalPost)

Main developments in Tunisia since the ouster in 2011 of president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali after 23 years in power, sparking the Arab Spring revolts.

--2011--

- January 14: Confronted with a massive popular movement, which started in December in the town of Sidi Bouzid, Ben Ali steps down and flees with his family. He finds refuge in Saudi Arabia. A state of emergency is declared.

- March 1: Moderate Islamist movement Ennahda legalised.

- September 6: The government announces a strict application of the state of emergency. Violence rocks the country.

- October 23: Ennahda wins 89 of the 217 seats in a new constituent assembly after Tunisia's first free election.

- December 12: Former opposition leader Moncef Marzouki, a fierce rival of Ben Ali, elected president and sworn in the following day.

--2012--

- March 26: Ennahda renounces the inclusion of sharia Islamic law in the future constitution.

- June 11-12: One man dies and around 100 people injured in unrest triggered by an art exhibition that includes works deemed offensive to Islam. The government blames Salafists and old regime loyalists.

- September 14: Four people killed and dozens injured in clashes at the US embassy in Tunis, where protests over an anti-Islam film degenerate into violence.

- October 5: Police fire rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse hundreds of protesters in Sidi Bouzid.

- November 27-December 1: Some 300 injured in clashes in the town of Siliana.

- December 17: Protesters hurl rocks at Marzouki and parliamentary speaker Mustapha Ben Jaafar in Sidi Bouzid, on the second anniversary of the revolution.

--2013--

- January 13: Soldiers deployed near the border with Libya after a week of clashes between police and residents.

- February 6: Prominent opposition leader Chokri Belaid shot dead, sparking deadly protests and provoking a political crisis which leads the government to resign and a new cabinet led by Ali Larayedh.

- May 19: Clashes erupt between radical Islamists and police after Salafist movement Ansar al-Sharia.

- July 8: State of emergency is extended by three months in a bid to contain radical Islamist militants.

- July 25: Opposition figure and MP Mohamed Brahmi shot dead outside his home near Tunis. His family blames Ennahda, which denies the charge.

- July 29: Larayedh says the government will stay in office and calls a general election for December 17, as protests demand his administration's ouster.

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http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/afp/130729/tunisia-the-ouster-ben-ali