Cambodia's Hun Sen was reappointed prime minister on Tuesday, after a hotly disputed election win in July which triggered a political crisis that descended into bloody street violence and led to an opposition boycott of parliament.
Here is a timeline of the major events during weeks of political turmoil:
- July 19, 2013: Jubilant supporters greet the return of opposition leader Sam Rainsy from self-imposed exile in France. Rainsy fled in 2009 to avoid prison for charges he contends were politically motivated, but was pardoned weeks before a general election.
- July 22: Election authorities reject Rainsy's application to stand in national polls, saying it was too late to add the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) leader to the electoral register.
- July 25: The ruling Cambodian People's Party-dominated National Assembly dismisses a plea by Rainsy to be re-instated as a lawmaker.
- July 28: Hun Sen's CPP claims election victory with 68 parliamentary seats out of 123 -- retaining power despite suffering major losses.
- July 29: The CNRP rejects the claim and calls for an independent probe into allegations of widespread voting fraud.
- July 31: Rainsy announces that his opposition party won a majority of 63 seats and accuses the CPP of "stealing victory".
- August 2: Hun Sen vows to lead new government despite poll dispute.
- August 5: Rainsy calls for the United Nations to help resolve impasse.
- August 9: Troops and armoured personnel carriers are deployed in the capital in an apparent response to CNRP threats to launch nationwide protests.
- August 12: Preliminary results hand Hun Sen victory in the popular vote, but the opposition appeals the count.
- September 4: Rainsy calls on Cambodian King Norodom Sihamoni to resolve the political deadlock.
- September 7: Thousands of CNRP supporters join a peaceful mass rally in Phnom Penh ahead of final official election results.
- September 8: Election authorities confirm Hun Sen's poll win, giving the CPP 68 seats to 55 for the CNRP. The opposition again rejects the tally as fraud-tainted.
- September 14: Rare talks between Hun Sen and Sam Rainsy, hosted by the king, end without agreement.
- September 15: Violent clashes erupt, leaving one protester dead and several wounded, as around 20,000 CNRP supporters rally in the Cambodian capital.
- September 16: Thousands of CNRP protesters remain in central Phnom Penh for a second day of rallies, as Hun Sen and Rainsy meet for fresh talks. They agree to three points: to heed the king's call for an end to the violence, to set up a mechanism to bring about election reform in the future and to continue negotiations.
- September 18: King urges opposition to drop a planned boycott of parliament for the sake of "national unity."
- September 23: CNRP lawmakers boycott opening of new parliament.
- September 24: Ruling party MPs universally approve Hun Sen for another five-year term as prime minister. CNRP vows further protest.