Mali: unrest since new president's election

Key events in the west African state of Mali since former prime minister Ibrahim Boubacar Keita won a presidential election in August and vowed to unite the country:


- August 11: Keita is announced as Mali's new president after winning a landslide victory, attracting an overwhelming 77.6 percent of the vote against 22.3 percent for opponent, former finance minister, Soumaila Cisse.

On September 4, Keita is sworn in and vows to unite Mali, after an 18-month-long crisis which started with a military coup which led to a sweeping Islamist occupation and a French-led military intervention.

- September 11: The army exchanges fire with "bandits" during security operations near the market town of Lere in the north west near Mauritanian border.

- September 27: Two men throw hand-grenades at Malian troops in the northern rebel bastion of Kidal, wounding two soldiers. The unidentified attackers flee.

- September 28: Two suicide bombers let off explosives in a car in front of a military camp in the northern desert city of Timbuktu, killing two civilians, military sources say. Al-Qaeda's North African branch claims the attack.

- September 29: A suicide bomber is killed instantly when he accidentally detonates his explosives belt in the rebel bastion of Kidal, without killing or wounding anyone else, a local government official says.

- The army comes under attack from unidentified gunmen in Kidal and retaliate, according to local officials.

- September 29-30: Fresh fighting between the army and Tuareg separatists in Kidal. The UN's MINUSMA peacekeeping force intervenes and calms the situation.

- September 30: Dozens of disgruntled soldiers involved in the 2012 coup fire guns in the air at a protest at not having been promoted alongside colleagues also involved in ousting the president in March 2012.

- October 5: Tuareg and Arab rebels say they are resuming peace talks with the government, notably about the northern territories where they are fighting for autonomy, nine days after they staged a walkout.

- October 7: Armed Islamic extremists shell Gao, the largest town in northern Mali, according to the army.