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Bangladesh court to decide on execution of top Islamist

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(Globalpost/GlobalPost)

Bangladesh's highest court held a hearing Wednesday to decide the fate of an Islamist leader sentenced to death for war crimes after he was given a dramatic last gasp reprieve from execution.

A judge stayed the hanging of Jamaat-e-Islami party leader Abdul Quader Molla on Tuesday night, just 90 minutes before his scheduled execution overnight at a jail in the capital Dhaka.

He would have been the first person put to death for massacres committed during Bangladesh's 1971 independence war following a series of verdicts from a special war crimes court that has sparked deadly protests.

Defence lawyers appealed to the Supreme Court arguing that the case deserved a final review as enshrined in the country's constitution. A hearing began at 10.30am (0430 GMT).

In a night of high drama, the government announced late Tuesday that Molla, described as the "Butcher of Mirpur" during the 1971 war against Pakistan, would be executed at one minute past midnight.

Molla's family was called to a jail in Old Dhaka where they found him to be calm and telling relatives one last time that he was being put to death because of his "involvement in the Islamic movement".

Thousands of secular protesters had gathered outside the gates of the jail to support his execution, while thousands of others also massed at the Shahbagh square in the capital in anticipation of the hanging of one of the country's most notorious figures.

There was widespread anger as news spread that Molla had won a last ditch reprieve.

"It is a conspiracy," said Imran H Sarkar, the leader of a bloggers forum behind the protests. "We won't leave Shahbagh until he is executed."

The planned hanging also triggered immediate protests by the Islamists in the unrest-plagued country, which is experiencing its worst political violence since independence.

Police said a protester was shot dead after Jamaat supporters hurled petrol bombs at officers in southern town of Feni. A woman and her daughter were burnt to death after protesters torched their van outside the capital.

The deaths brought to 226 the toll in battles between opposition protesters, police and government supporters since January this year.

Molla was found to be a leader of a pro-Pakistan militia which fought against the country's independence and killed some of Bangladesh's top intellectuals including professors, doctors, writers and journalists.

Bangladesh's deputy law minister Quamrul Islam had earlier announced the execution, adding all legal process leading to the hanging had been exhausted and that there was no bar to execute Jamaat's chief strategist.

On Sunday, a tribunal signed an execution order for Molla, and sent it to the main jail in the capital Dhaka, raising speculation that the former journalist could be hanged at any moment.

New York-based activist group Human Rights Watch and two UN Special Rapporteurs have warned that by executing Molla without giving him the opportunity to appeal for a review, the country could be breaking international law.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay also wrote to Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina for an eleventh-hour stay of execution of the opposition politician, saying the trial did not meet stringent international standards for imposition of the death penalty.

"What logic do they have to stop the execution?" Islam told AFP when asked about the criticism from rights experts.

"Did they stop the execution of Saddam Hussein?" he said, referring to the former Iraqi dictator who was hanged in December 2006.

Molla was convicted of rape, murder and mass murder, including the killing of over 350 unarmed Bengali civilians.

Three other Jamaat leaders have also been sentenced to death for committing atrocities during the war.

Hasina's Awami League government says three million people died in the war, many at the hands of pro-Pakistan militias led by Jamaat leaders who opposed the war on religious grounds.

Independent researchers put the death toll between 300,000 and 500,000 people.

Bangladesh regularly carries out the death sentence by hanging, but Molla's death would be the most high profile execution since January 2010, when five ex-army officers were put to death over the assassination of the country's founding leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Hasina's father.

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http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/afp/131211/bangladesh-court-decide-execution-top-islamist-1