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Car bombs ripped through Shia pilgrims near Baghdad while militants attacked a city council headquarters and a police station, in Iraq-wide violence that killed at least 66 people Monday, officials said.
The killing of the pilgrims underscored the danger of sectarian violence in Iraq, while the attacks on the city council and police station in Salaheddin province showed the impunity with which militants can strike even targets that should be highly secure.
Violence in Iraq has reached a level not seen since 2008, when the country was emerging from a period of brutal sectarian killings, and has raised fears it is slipping back into all-out conflict.
In the Rashid area south of Baghdad, two car bombs targeted Shia pilgrims, killing at least 22 people and wounding at least 52, security and medical officials said.
Hundreds of thousands of people, many of them on foot, make pilgrimages to the holy city of Karbala during the 40 days after the annual commemoration marking the death of the Prophet Mohammed's grandson, Hussein.
The 40th day, known as Arbaeen, falls on December 23 this year.
Sunni militants including those linked to Al Qaeda frequently target members of Iraq's Shia majority, whom they consider to be apostates.
In the city of Tikrit, militants detonated a car bomb near the city council headquarters and then occupied the building, with employees still inside.
Iraqi security forces surrounded the building, and then carried out an assault that Counter-Terrorism Service spokesman Sabah Noori said freed 40 people who were held inside.
"We freed all the hostages" and killed one suicide bomber, while two others blew themselves up, Noori told AFP.
A police major and a doctor said that a city council member and two police were killed, though it was unclear whether they died during the initial attack or the later assault by security forces.
The assault came after suicide bombers struck a police station in the town of Baiji, also in Salaheddin province.
One bomber detonated a car bomb at the gate of the station, after which three entered, shot dead an officer and a policeman, and waited inside.
Special forces then attacked, killing one of the militants, while the other two blew themselves up, killing three police.
Gunmen also killed three soldiers guarding an oil pipeline near Tikrit, while two oil protection police were killed and three wounded by a bomb south of the northern city of Kirkuk.
Bus passengers gunned down
The second-deadliest attack on Monday was in the northern city of Mosul, where militants gunned down 12 people on a bus.
The city has become one of the most dangerous parts of Iraq, with militants carrying out frequent attacks and reportedly extorting money from shopkeepers.
Also on Monday, five other car bombs and a magnetic "sticky bomb" on a vehicle exploded in and around the Iraqi capital, killing at least 17 people and wounding at least 43 -- the second series of blasts in the area in 24 hours.
One of the car bombs went off in a car park near the Baghdad provincial council headquarters, killing at least four people.
The attacks came after another series of bombings in and around Baghdad killed at least nine people on Sunday night, while violence elsewhere in the country that day killed a further 11 people, among them a TV presenter and a family of five.
The presenter, Nawras al-Nuaimi, was the sixth journalist to be killed in Iraq since October, and the fifth to die in the city of Mosul in the same period.
More people died in violence in the first eight days of this month than in the whole of last December, and over 6,500 people have been killed since the beginning of 2013, according to AFP figures based on security and medical sources.
Officials have blamed the violence on Al Qaeda-linked militants emboldened by the civil war in neighbouring Syria.
But analysts and diplomats also say the government has not done enough to address underlying domestic grievances fuelling the violence.
Members of the country's Sunni minority, who complain of discrimination at the hands of the Shia-led government, have held demonstrations for almost a year.
Unrest spiked after security forces stormed a Sunni Arab protest camp north of Baghdad in April, sparking clashes that killed dozens of people.
The government has made some concessions aimed at placating Sunni Arabs, including freeing prisoners and raising the salaries of anti-Al Qaeda fighters, and has also trumpeted security operations against militants.