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An experimental treatment has shown promise in lowering bad cholesterol, offering hope for people who are at risk for heart disease but cannot tolerate drugs known as statins, researchers said Sunday.
The therapy developed by Amgen pharmaceuticals is known as evolocumab. It is a monoclonal antibody that is injected every couple of weeks, instead of taken in a daily pill form.
Evolocumab is part of a new class of drugs known as PCSK9 inhibitors, which suppress a gene involved with cholesterol regulation in the liver.
Research from two separate phase III trials released at the American College of Cardiology annual meeting showed it was effective in lowering LDL, or bad cholesterol, with few side effects.
The research showed that evolocumab lowered cholesterol further than the only other statin-alternative on the market, ezitimibe.
It also lowered LDL in patients who were already taking statins, suggesting the approach could be used as an add-on for patients who need big reductions in their cholesterol but cannot tolerate high doses of statins.
About nine in 10 patients taking evolocumab achieved an LDL cholesterol level of under 70 mg/dL, the target for people at high risk for heart disease.
Reducing LDL is important because too much of it can lead to clogged arteries, raising the risk of heart attack and stroke.
However, the Amgen-funded studies only lasted three months, so longer term data is needed to fully probe the treatment's safety and whether it works to prevent heart disease over time.
"I think this is a really important, breakthrough kind of area," said Peter Libby, professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School.
"Ultimately, the proof of the pudding is in the long term outcome studies that show efficacy and show safety," added Libby, who was not involved in the study.