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South Korea's parliament adopted a resolution Monday slamming Japan's "recent moves to glorify its militaristic past," Yonhap News Agency reported.
The resolution passed the National Assembly with 238 votes in support from the 239 members at the session, the South Korean news agency said.
One member abstained.
"(The Japanese Cabinet's) irrational and rash acts and words are a diplomatic provocation with serious negative consequences for future-oriented ties between South Korea and Japan and the establishment of peace in Northeast Asia," Yonhap quoted the resolution as stating.
It also called on "responsible" Japanese to stop paying respects to war criminals and stop making "absurd" statements that "deny a past that cannot be denied."
"We strongly urge (Japan) to apologize sincerely and reflect deeply on Japan's past, which caused extreme pain to numerous people," the resolution said, according to Yonhap.
Tension between South Korea and Japan escalated last week after some Japanese Cabinet ministers, including Deputy Prime Minister Taro Aso, visited Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo which honors the country's war dead and 14 convicted war criminals.
Both South Korea and China condemned the visits as signs Japan has "not repented" for wartime atrocities.
More than 150 Japanese Diet members visited the shrine later in the week, further angering South Korea, which had already canceled a planned visit to Japan by its foreign minister as a protest against the shrine visit by Cabinet ministers.
Feelings ran even higher in South Korea after Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said in the Diet that the definition of "aggression" has yet to be fixed and defended the shrine visits.
Yonhap reported the only South Korean assembly member not to support the resolution against Japan's actions was Kim Gyeong Hyeop of the opposition Democratic United Party.
He said, "I agree with the resolution in general...I demanded a ban on Japanese Cabinet members and politicians entering South Korea, but it was left out, so I abstained in protest."