China once again urged Japan to face up its aggressive past on Tuesday on the occasion of the date regarded by Beijing as the end of World War II.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang released a statement saying the victory in the Chinese people's war of resistance against Japan's past aggression was "a great triumph of justice over evil, light over darkness and progressive forces over reactionary elements."
The statement said, "Any attempt to overturn the verdict on Japan's history of invasion will be vehemently resisted and opposed by people of the victimized Asian countries and the international community."
The statement to mark the 68th anniversary of the end of the war was released at a time when relations between the two countries are frayed over competing claims to a group of islands in the East China Sea and historical issues.
China has also been criticizing Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's intention to revise the war-renouncing Constitution and his hawkish political views.
The statement called on Japan to "adopt a responsible attitude toward history and the future, truly honor its statements and commitments on reflecting on its history of aggression and take concrete actions to win the trust of its Asian neighbors and the international community."
Every year, China observes the victory of its war of resistance against Japan on Sept. 3, because Japan formally surrendered to the Allied Powers on Sept. 2, 1945, with a signing ceremony aboard the U.S. battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay.