Lower than expected grain harvests may raise food prices in southern Africa, while East Africa continues to suffer from a food crisis, according to Reuters. The rains in Zambia have delayed the planting of maize crop while South Africa fears it may have exported too much of its grain.
Bumper harvests in Zambia and Malawi helped keep food inflation under control in recent years while East Africa dealt with high levels of oil and food inflation, Reuters said.
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Razia Khan, head of Africa research at Standard Chartered said, “Zambia ...had seen record grain harvests. While the new government will devote even more attention to boosting agriculture, it may not be sufficient to hold food prices - and inflation - down, if the rains are less favorable.”
The food crisis in East Africa, a result of drought, has affected nearly 13 million people living in parts of Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia and South Sudan. The United Nations has appealed for $1.5 billion in aid, naming this the worst drought to hit the area in 60 years, according to the Guardian.
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The recently appointed head of the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Jose Graziano da Silva, said in his first press conference, "Africa will be a priority during my mandate. I will travel to the continent at the end of January to participate in the African Union Summit and visit the Horn of Africa."
The aid agency Oxfam warned in Dec. 2011 that west Africa will also be facing a food crisis, especially in the countries Mauritania, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad, Voice of America reported. A combination of a bad rainy season, fewer crops and rising food prices has created an atmosphere which threatens food shortages.
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Rising food prices are already having a negative impact on inflation in Zambia, and inflation in drought hit Kenya peaked at 19.7 percent. “Higher inflation in South Africa typically triggers some spillover into inflation in the rest of its regional trading partners," said Khan to Reuters.