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Ortiz-Lopez was arrested in March 2011, a Guatemalan court yesterday approved his extradition to face trial in Florida.
A Guatemala court approved the extradition of Juan Ortiz-Lopez on Tuesday, paving the way for 42-year-old man also known as "Chamale" to be tried in a Florida court on charges he imported tons of cocaine into the United States, Reuters reported.
Ortiz-Lopez was arrested in March 2011 by a joint US-Guatemala police squad, which the Christian Science Monitor said indicated "increased cooperation" between the US and Central American nations on drug crime. Ortiz-Lopez could be sentenced to life in prison if convicted.
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The Guatemalan president, Otto Perez Molina, has vowed to fight against crime with "an iron fist," according to the BBC. Mexico's vicious drug war, which the government declared in 2006, has resulted in the deaths of more than 50,000 people, according to The Atlantic. The war has pushed drug cartel activity south; El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala now have three of the highest homicide rates in the world, according to AFP.
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Perez Molina has called for a fresh look at regional drug policy "including the possible decriminalization of narcotics," according to Reuters. Other governments in Central America have expressed interest in undercutting cartel power and violence by legalizing drugs. Ninety percent of South American cocaine destined for the United States passes through Central America, according to AFP.