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A severe drought has been quietly wiping out crops and livestock in northeastern Brazil for two years. GlobalPost correspondents took a weeklong trip to see how the locals are faring. The answer? Not well.

Brazil drought land 2014 02 13
(Will Carless/GlobalPost)
Brazil

Brazil's bad weather riddle: Years ending in 2, years ending in 4

The past two years were about as bad as superstition predicted. Will 2014 be a turnaround?

SALVADOR, BAHIA, Brazil — Northeastern Brazil is a mosaic of microclimates.

While one valley might receive a full helping of rain each year, a plain 2 miles away could remain parched for months or even years.

The superstition here is that years ending in two or three see drier and harsher weather than the rest of the decade.

Years ending in four — say, 1994 and 2004 — according to local lore have been bountiful. The drought breaks, the desert blooms, and life returns to the hot dusty plains known as the Sertao. Hopes are extraordinarily high for 2014.

By last November, much of Brazil’s northeast had reached a critical point.

Rain levels in some places were several inches below the norm, and desertification was creeping across the region, turning soil to salty sand and killing everything in its wake

There has since been some rainfall in parts of the northeast. But even if precipitation patterns return to normal this year, there are some grim forecasts for the region’s farmers beyond 2014.

The Brazilian Panel on Climate Change, a group of 345 scientists, last September predicted that rainfall in the northeast could diminish by as much as 40 percent by the end of this century, a pattern that could have devastating effects on millions of subsistence farmers.

The problem is not unique to Brazil.

Desertification and water shortages have been making news around the world in recent years, from the western United States to Sub-Saharan Africa to Australia.

GlobalPost investigation: Calamity Calling

If water consumption patterns don't change, according to a 2008 United Nations Environment Program report, 2 out of every 3 people on the planet will be living in water-stressed conditions by 2025.

However, in interviews with GlobalPost, scientists and statisticians in the region poured scorn on the notion that the recent drought is connected to climate change.

Brazil’s hyper-complex climate is affected by the natural shifts and rhythms of the world’s weather, said Professor Ranyere Silva Nobrega, a climatologist at the Federal University of Pernambuco in Recife.

The El Nino and La Nina climate phenomena have a big impact on rainfall in the region, he said, and precipitation levels also depend on such esoteric factors as the wind patterns in North Africa.

The 2011 La Nina weather conditions brought hot, dry conditions to much of Brazil, weather that persisted in the northeast throughout the next two years.

Northeastern Brazil has suffered far worse droughts historically, including a seven-year drought more than 200 years ago. Between 1559 and 2013, climatologists calculate 78 drought years.

But while the phenomenon is not new, the latest drought has already cost Brazil a whopping $9 billion in lost crops and livestock, according to the government.

It also marked a new frontier for Brazil.

Instead of widespread starvation, panic and looting, families have largely been able to feed themselves. Instead of mass migration, people have stayed put, surviving off government handouts even as their investments died in the fields.

Silva Nobrega foresees a day when running water will reach even the driest farms of the dust bowl, keeping animals alive and fields green, and minimizing the need for short-term crisis management.

Not everyone agrees with this approach.

Some organizations and politicians in the Sertao argue that the area’s residents must adapt to a harsh climate, adjusting their farming methods and lifestyles to the weather patterns.

And one of the government’s biggest plans to ease the process — diverting the Sao Francisco River to irrigate four drought-prone states — has met fierce opposition from environmentalists. Opponents argue the project will mainly benefit large farmers, without bringing much help to small family farms.

As the politicians wrangle over the best solution to the recurring crises in the northeast, farmers and families across the region will be watching and hoping that something gets done to improve their situation before the portentous date of 2022.

http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/americas/brazil/140213/brazilian-weather-climate-change-desertification

EDWARD SIEGEL 5 months ago
W A T E R!!!???, OR ITS L A C K THEREOF(MOST ESPECIALLY HEREIN IN NORTHEAST-BRAZIL!!!)!!! SIEGEL “WATER WATER EVERYWHERE AND NE’ER/NOT A DROP TO DRINK”[COLERIDGE, THE ANCIENT MARINER(~1737); “VERSUS”/PARALLELING 21ST-CENTURY: “HYDROGEN HYDROGEN EVERYWHERE AND S T I L L(!!!) NE’ER/NOT A DROP (OF WATER!!!) TO DRINK”] (SYNONYMS): "FLYING-WATER"/ "HINDENBERG-EFFECT"/ H2-UP;H20-DOWN"/... WAS DEVELOPED IN 1957 IN HIGH-SCHOOL, REINVENTED IN 1977 BY SIEGEL (WHILE WORKING IN 1977 FOR IAEA AND YUSIF HABIBIE, THEN INDONESIAN ATOMIC/NUCLEAR “ENERGY”/POWER(!!!) AGENCY PADAN’S DIRECTOR-GENERAL(WITH IYOS SUBKI, PUSAT/CENTRAL “ATOM”/NUCLEAR(!!!) REACTOR AGENCY, 71 JALAN TAMANSARI, BANDUNG, JAVA, INDONESIA), LATER INDONESIA’S PRESIDENT, BUT LATER IN 1979-1980 WHILE WORKING AT I.N.P.E.(BRAZIL SPACE AGENCY)/CNPq(BRAZIL NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL) IN SAO JOSE DOS CAMPOS, SAO PAULO, AND RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL FROM 1979-1980 AND GIVEN AT AND PUBLISHED IN THE "THIRD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ALTERNATIVE-ENERGY", BAL HARBOR, FLORIDA, T. NIHAT VEZIROGLU EDITIR, HEMISPHERE/ SPRINGER(1980)-VOLUME-5!!!/PAGE-495!!! DETAILED WAS A SCALEABLE RETROFITABLE CUSTOMIZABLE INTEGRATED OPERATING-SYSTEM "CHEMICAL-RAIN-IN-PIPELINES"!!! IN ADDITION SIEGEL, A NUCLEAR-INDUSTRY METALLURGY WHISTLEBLOWER: WESTINGHOUSE(AKA Westin”KL”ouse), PSE&G, IAEA, ABB RE. (SO MIS-CALLED) “SUPER”ALLOYS’(MOST ESPECIALLY HASTALLOY-X[G. LAI, METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A.I.M.E., VOLUME 9A, PAGE 827(1978)=SIMPLY UNBELIEVABLE!!! FIGURE-2!!!/y-AXIS!!! DETAILING DROP IN FRACTURE-TOUGHNESS FROM 60 FT.-LBS. TO 20 FT.-LBS. IN A TWO-YEAR LIFE-TEST IN 4 DAYS = 4/(2 x 365) = 4/730 ] [GOOGLE: "EDWARD SIEGEL: ANIMATEDSOFTWARE.COM” ; & ; "EDWARD SIEGEL 'SUPER'ALLOYS" ;& ; "EDWARD SIEGEL WHISTLEBLOWER"; & ; "EDWARD SIEGEL 'SUPER'ALLOYS"; & ; "EDWARD SIEGEL DIFFUSIVE-MAGNETORESISTANCE” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL CarbIDE-ETERNAL-SEQUESTRATION” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL FLYING-WATER” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL HINDENBERG-EFFECT” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL HYDROGEN” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL ONLY HYDROGEN IS FLYING-WATER” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL LUFT-AGUA” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL LUFT-AQUA” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL HYDROGEN-UP; WATER-DOWN” ;&; “EDWARD SIEGEL FOUR CLASSIC GREEK ELEMENTS: EARTH, AIR, FIRE AND WATER” ;&; “EDWARD SIEGEL GREEK/ROMAN-AQUEDUCTS” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL ARCHIMEDES BUOYANCY” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL MAKING-NEW-WATER-IN-NEW PLACES”;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL MAKING-NEW-WATER-IN-NEW PLACES THROUGH CHEMISTRY(SPLITTING H2O MOLECULE TO HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION AT SEASIDE, THEN COMBUSTING H2-GAS TO PRODUCE “MAKING NEW WATER IN NEW(ARRID; SEMI-ARRID; DROUGHT-PARCHED: (CALIFORNIA, SOUTHWEST USA, AUSTRALIA,.., EVEN NORTHEAST-BRAZIL!!!) PLACES” AND PHYSICS(ARCHIMEDES’ BUOYANCY)” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL GIANT-MAGNETO-RESISTANCE"]
EDWARD SIEGEL 5 months ago
SIEGEL IS STILL OWED SEVERAL-YEARS SALARY BY: INPE(BRAZIL SPACE-AGENCY), CNPq(BRAZIL NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL),.., THE GOVERNMENT OF BRAZIL!!! SADLY FOR NORTHEASTERN BRAZILIANS/ BRAZIL, DUE TO INPE/CNPq ACTIONS/RETALIATION AGAINST DR. EDWARD SIEGEL IN 1980, QUOTING BIBLE SCRIPTURE, “AND SO SHALL THEY(BRAZILIANS: NORTHEAST-BRAZIL, …, ALL OF BRAZIL; DUE TO THEIR VERY-OWN GOVERNMENT: INPE!!!/CNPq!!! UNETHICAL/ILLEGAL ACTIONS[INPE/CNPq’S DIRECTORS-GENERAL: NELSON DE JESUS PARADA, IVAN COSTA DE CUNHA LIMA, RONALD RANVAUD,… VERSUS SIEGEL-ATTORNEY MARIO DE BARRIOS NETTO, FALBO Y FALBO ADVOCATOS, PRACA REPUBLICA, SAO PAULO, BRAZIL]) THIRST”!!!...LITERALLY FOREVER!!!
EDWARD SIEGEL 5 months ago
SIEGEL "] CHEATED OUT OF MAJOR INTERNATIONAL-PRIZES: 2006 JAPAN-PRIZE; 2006 WOLF-PRIZE; 2007 PHYSICS (GMR) NOBEL-PRIZE!!! BY: ALBERT FERT/ PETER GRUENBERG/KFZ/THALES-GROUP/"PHALIES-GROPE"/ALCATEL-LUCENT/BELL-LABS/REED-ELSEVIER/AREVA/EdF/WALLENBERGS ENSKILDA BANKEN AB/INVEST AB/JAPAN-AEC!!! MUCH MORE INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO ANYONE/EVERYONE WHO E-MAILS ME AT: CATEGORYSEMANTICS@GMAIL.COM AND ALSO NORTONSIEGEL@GMAIL.COM; TELEPHONE: (SEATTLE/SAN DIEGO=PACIFIC-TIMES!!!) USA + (206) 659-0235 AND/OR MESSAGES c/o USA + (206) 733-0504. SIEGEL WAS MOST CONCERNED ABOUT (SO MIS-CALLED) “SUPER”ALLOYS, Fe-BASED (=STAIN”LESS”/STAIN-FUL(!!!)-STEELS) AND/OR Ni-BASED, MOST ESPECIALLY HASTALLOY-X ROCKET/JET-ENGINE COMBUSTION-CHAMBERS/”BURN-CANS”[NEW YORK TIMES(SEPTEMBER, 1981)!!!; AVIATION WEEK AND SPACE TECHNOLOGY(SEPTEMBER, 1981)!!!] “POSSIBLE”/”ACCIDENTS” WAITING-TO-HAPPEN(!!!) EXPLOSIONS(!!!) IN INPE/CNPq ROCKET/JET/MISSILE-ENGINES’ COMBUSTION-CHAMBERS/ ”BURN-CANS”!!I INPE/CNPq RETALIATED FOR SIEGEL “MEDDLING” IN AREAS HE WAS NOT HIRED TO DO, BY ABROGATING SIEGEL'S MULTI-YEAR EMPLOYMENT-CONTRACT FOR WHICH HE LEFT QUEEN MARY COLLEGE/UNIVERSITY OF LONDON, EFFECTIVELY FIRING SIEGEL!!! SURE ENOUGH, SEVERAL YEARS LATER I NORTHERN-BRAZIL, A BRAZIL SATELLITE LAUNCH-VEHICLE BLEW-UP ON ITS LAUNCHPAD MAIMING AND KILLING MANY OF SIEGEL’S FORMER INPE/CNPq COLLEAGUES AND FRIENDS, AND CRIPPLING BRAZIL’S SPACE ASPIRATIONS THEN!!!, EXACTLY AS IT DOOMED THE US-NASA SPCE-SHUTTLE CHALLANGER!!! PHYSICS NOBEL-LAUREATE RICHARD FEYNMAN WAS ONLY PARTIALLY RIGHT: THE COLD O-RING CATASTROPHIC-CRACKING ONLY PROVIDED THE IMPULSE TO FRACTURE THE HASTALLOY-X FUEL-TANK(S) ALONG ITS/THEIR LENGTH, EFFECTIVELY “UN-ZIPPING” IT LONGITUDINALLY!!!(JUST VIEW ANY VIDEO OF THE US-NASA CHALLENGER DISASTER TO SEE THIS FOR ONESELF!!!). SO BRAZIL, DUE TO PETTY-POLITICS OF ITS INPE/CNPq AGENCIES, (LATER FIRED INPE DIRECTORS: NELSON DE JESUS PARADA AND IVAN COSTA CUHNA LIMA NETTO AND RONALD RANVSUD AND RAM KISHORE) EFFECTIVELY NOT ONLY DOOMED THEIR INPE/CNPq SPACE-AGENCY ROCKED/MISSILE TO CATASTROPHIC-DISASTER, BUT EFFECTIVELY CRIPPLED SIEGEL’S EFFORTS UNDER ENVIRONMENT-MINISTER JOSE GOLDEMBERG, TO PROVIDE COPIOUS ABUNDANT POTABLE WATER FOR MOST-ESPECIALLY DROUGHT-PARCHED NORTHEASTERN-BRAZIL, O N L Y VIA SIEGEL(1957!!!; AT ERASMUS-HALL HIGH-SCHOOL, FLATBUSH, BROOKLYN FOR A WESTINGHOUSE SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH SCHOLARSHIP[WITH CLASSMATES: CHESS-MASTER BOBBY FISHER, ROCK-AND-ROLL GREAT NEIL DIAMOND,FIRST- COUSIN COMEDIAN RICHARD LEWIS, FAMOUS HOLLYWOOD-PRODUCER DAVID ELLIOT SALZMAN, AND(LAST BUT NOT HARDLY LEAST) SINGING-GREAT BARBRA STREISAND])“FLYING-WATER”/”HINDENBERG-EFFECT”/MAKING NEW-WATER IN NEW-(ARRID; SEMI-ARRID;…;DROUGHT-PARCHED!!!) PLACES THROUGH CHEMISTRY(BREAKING H20 BOND AT SEASIDE, THEN COMBUSING HYDROGEN ON MOUNTAIN/HILL-TOPS) AND PHYSICS (HYDROGEN’S MAXIMAL ARCHIMEDES-BUOYANCY)!!! SADLY FOR NORTHEASTERN BRAZILIANS/ BRAZIL, DUE TO INPE/CNPq ACTIONS/RETALIATION AGAINST DR. EDWARD SIEGEL IN 1980, QUOTING BIBLE SCRIPTURE, “AND SO SHALL THEY(BRAZILIANS: NORTHEAST-BRAZIL, …, ALL OF BRAZIL; DUE TO THEIR VERY-OWN GOVERNMENT: INPE!!!/CNPq!!! UNETHICAL/ILLEGAL ACTIONS[INPE/CNPq’S DIRECTORS-GENERAL: NELSON DE JESUS PARADA, IVAN COSTA DE CUNHA LIMA, RONALD RANVAUD,… VERSUS SIEGEL-ATTORNEY MARIO DE BARRIOS NETTO, FALBO Y FALBO ADVOCATOS, PRACA REPUBLICA, SAO PAULO, BRAZIL]) THIRST”!!!...LITERALLY FOREVER!!!
EDWARD SIEGEL 5 months ago
W A T E R!!!???, OR ITS L A C K THEREOF(MOST ESPECIALLY HEREIN IN NORTHEAST-BRAZIL!!!)!!! SIEGEL “WATER WATER EVERYWHERE AND NE’ER/NOT A DROP TO DRINK”[COLERIDGE, THE ANCIENT MARINER(~1737); “VERSUS”/PARALLELING 21ST-CENTURY: “HYDROGEN HYDROGEN EVERYWHERE AND S T I L L(!!!) NE’ER/NOT A DROP (OF WATER!!!) TO DRINK”] (SYNONYMS): "FLYING-WATER"/ "HINDENBERG-EFFECT"/ H2-UP;H20-DOWN"/... WAS DEVELOPED IN 1957 IN HIGH-SCHOOL, REINVENTED IN 1977 BY SIEGEL (WHILE WORKING IN 1977 FOR IAEA AND YUSIF HABIBIE, THEN INDONESIAN ATOMIC/NUCLEAR “ENERGY”/POWER(!!!) AGENCY PADAN’S DIRECTOR-GENERAL(WITH IYOS SUBKI, PUSAT/CENTRAL “ATOM”/NUCLEAR(!!!) REACTOR AGENCY, 71 JALAN TAMANSARI, BANDUNG, JAVA, INDONESIA), LATER INDONESIA’S PRESIDENT, BUT LATER IN 1979-1980 WHILE WORKING AT I.N.P.E.(BRAZIL SPACE AGENCY)/CNPq(BRAZIL NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL) IN SAO JOSE DOS CAMPOS, SAO PAULO, AND RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL FROM 1979-1980 AND GIVEN AT AND PUBLISHED IN THE "THIRD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ALTERNATIVE-ENERGY", BAL HARBOR, FLORIDA, T. NIHAT VEZIROGLU EDITIR, HEMISPHERE/ SPRINGER(1980)-VOLUME-5!!!/PAGE-495!!! DETAILED WAS A SCALEABLE RETROFITABLE CUSTOMIZABLE INTEGRATED OPERATING-SYSTEM "CHEMICAL-RAIN-IN-PIPELINES"!!! IN ADDITION SIEGEL, A NUCLEAR-INDUSTRY METALLURGY WHISTLEBLOWER: WESTINGHOUSE(AKA Westin”KL”ouse), PSE&G, IAEA, ABB RE. (SO MIS-CALLED) “SUPER”ALLOYS’(MOST ESPECIALLY HASTALLOY-X[G. LAI, METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A.I.M.E., VOLUME 9A, PAGE 827(1978)=SIMPLY UNBELIEVABLE!!! FIGURE-2!!!/y-AXIS!!! DETAILING DROP IN FRACTURE-TOUGHNESS FROM 60 FT.-LBS. TO 20 FT.-LBS. IN A TWO-YEAR LIFE-TEST IN 4 DAYS = 4/(2 x 365) = 4/730 ] [GOOGLE: "EDWARD SIEGEL: ANIMATEDSOFTWARE.COM” ; & ; "EDWARD SIEGEL 'SUPER'ALLOYS" ;& ; "EDWARD SIEGEL WHISTLEBLOWER"; & ; "EDWARD SIEGEL 'SUPER'ALLOYS"; & ; "EDWARD SIEGEL DIFFUSIVE-MAGNETORESISTANCE” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL CarbIDE-ETERNAL-SEQUESTRATION” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL FLYING-WATER” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL HINDENBERG-EFFECT” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL HYDROGEN” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL ONLY HYDROGEN IS FLYING-WATER” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL LUFT-AGUA” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL LUFT-AQUA” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL HYDROGEN-UP; WATER-DOWN” ;&; “EDWARD SIEGEL FOUR CLASSIC GREEK ELEMENTS: EARTH, AIR, FIRE AND WATER” ;&; “EDWARD SIEGEL GREEK/ROMAN-AQUEDUCTS” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL ARCHIMEDES BUOYANCY” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL MAKING-NEW-WATER-IN-NEW PLACES”;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL MAKING-NEW-WATER-IN-NEW PLACES THROUGH CHEMISTRY(SPLITTING H2O MOLECULE TO HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION AT SEASIDE, THEN COMBUSTING H2-GAS TO PRODUCE “MAKING NEW WATER IN NEW(ARRID; SEMI-ARRID; DROUGHT-PARCHED: (CALIFORNIA, SOUTHWEST USA, AUSTRALIA,.., EVEN NORTHEAST-BRAZIL!!!) PLACES” AND PHYSICS(ARCHIMEDES’ BUOYANCY)” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL GIANT-MAGNETO-RESISTANCE"]
EDWARD SIEGEL 5 months ago
W A T E R!!!???, OR ITS L A C K THEREOF(MOST ESPECIALLY HEREIN IN NORTHEAST-BRAZIL!!!)!!! SIEGEL “WATER WATER EVERYWHERE AND NE’ER/NOT A DROP TO DRINK”[COLERIDGE, THE ANCIENT MARINER(~1737); “VERSUS”/PARALLELING 21ST-CENTURY: “HYDROGEN HYDROGEN EVERYWHERE AND S T I L L(!!!) NE’ER/NOT A DROP (OF WATER!!!) TO DRINK”] (SYNONYMS): "FLYING-WATER"/ "HINDENBERG-EFFECT"/ H2-UP;H20-DOWN"/... WAS DEVELOPED IN 1957 IN HIGH-SCHOOL, REINVENTED IN 1977 BY SIEGEL (WHILE WORKING IN 1977 FOR IAEA AND YUSIF HABIBIE, THEN INDONESIAN ATOMIC/NUCLEAR “ENERGY”/POWER(!!!) AGENCY PADAN’S DIRECTOR-GENERAL(WITH IYOS SUBKI, PUSAT/CENTRAL “ATOM”/NUCLEAR(!!!) REACTOR AGENCY, 71 JALAN TAMANSARI, BANDUNG, JAVA, INDONESIA), LATER INDONESIA’S PRESIDENT, BUT LATER IN 1979-1980 WHILE WORKING AT I.N.P.E.(BRAZIL SPACE AGENCY)/CNPq(BRAZIL NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL) IN SAO JOSE DOS CAMPOS, SAO PAULO, AND RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL FROM 1979-1980 AND GIVEN AT AND PUBLISHED IN THE "THIRD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ALTERNATIVE-ENERGY", BAL HARBOR, FLORIDA, T. NIHAT VEZIROGLU EDITIR, HEMISPHERE/ SPRINGER(1980)-VOLUME-5!!!/PAGE-495!!! DETAILED WAS A SCALEABLE RETROFITABLE CUSTOMIZABLE INTEGRATED OPERATING-SYSTEM "CHEMICAL-RAIN-IN-PIPELINES"!!! IN ADDITION SIEGEL, A NUCLEAR-INDUSTRY METALLURGY WHISTLEBLOWER: WESTINGHOUSE(AKA Westin”KL”ouse), PSE&G, IAEA, ABB RE. (SO MIS-CALLED) “SUPER”ALLOYS’(MOST ESPECIALLY HASTALLOY-X[G. LAI, METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A.I.M.E., VOLUME 9A, PAGE 827(1978)=SIMPLY UNBELIEVABLE!!! FIGURE-2!!!/y-AXIS!!! DETAILING DROP IN FRACTURE-TOUGHNESS FROM 60 FT.-LBS. TO 20 FT.-LBS. IN A TWO-YEAR LIFE-TEST IN 4 DAYS = 4/(2 x 365) = 4/730 ] [GOOGLE: "EDWARD SIEGEL: ANIMATEDSOFTWARE.COM” ; & ; "EDWARD SIEGEL 'SUPER'ALLOYS" ;& ; "EDWARD SIEGEL WHISTLEBLOWER"; & ; "EDWARD SIEGEL 'SUPER'ALLOYS"; & ; "EDWARD SIEGEL DIFFUSIVE-MAGNETORESISTANCE” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL CarbIDE-ETERNAL-SEQUESTRATION” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL FLYING-WATER” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL HINDENBERG-EFFECT” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL HYDROGEN” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL ONLY HYDROGEN IS FLYING-WATER” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL LUFT-AGUA” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL LUFT-AQUA” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL HYDROGEN-UP; WATER-DOWN” ;&; “EDWARD SIEGEL FOUR CLASSIC GREEK ELEMENTS: EARTH, AIR, FIRE AND WATER” ;&; “EDWARD SIEGEL GREEK/ROMAN-AQUEDUCTS” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL ARCHIMEDES BUOYANCY” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL MAKING-NEW-WATER-IN-NEW PLACES”;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL MAKING-NEW-WATER-IN-NEW PLACES THROUGH CHEMISTRY(SPLITTING H2O MOLECULE TO HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION AT SEASIDE, THEN COMBUSTING H2-GAS TO PRODUCE “MAKING NEW WATER IN NEW(ARRID; SEMI-ARRID; DROUGHT-PARCHED: (CALIFORNIA, SOUTHWEST USA, AUSTRALIA,.., EVEN NORTHEAST-BRAZIL!!!) PLACES” AND PHYSICS(ARCHIMEDES’ BUOYANCY)” ;&; "EDWARD SIEGEL GIANT-MAGNETO-RESISTANCE"] CHEATED OUT OF MAJOR INTERNATIONAL-PRIZES: 2006 JAPAN-PRIZE; 2006 WOLF-PRIZE; 2007 PHYSICS (GMR) NOBEL-PRIZE!!! BY: ALBERT FERT/ PETER GRUENBERG/KFZ/THALES-GROUP/"PHALIES-GROPE"/ALCATEL-LUCENT/BELL-LABS/REED-ELSEVIER/AREVA/EdF/WALLENBERGS ENSKILDA BANKEN AB/INVEST AB/JAPAN-AEC!!! MUCH MORE INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO ANYONE/EVERYONE WHO E-MAILS ME AT: CATEGORYSEMANTICS@GMAIL.COM AND ALSO NORTONSIEGEL@GMAIL.COM; TELEPHONE: (SEATTLE/SAN DIEGO=PACIFIC-TIMES!!!) USA + (206) 659-0235 AND/OR MESSAGES c/o USA + (206) 733-0504. SIEGEL WAS MOST CONCERNED ABOUT (SO MIS-CALLED) “SUPER”ALLOYS, Fe-BASED (=STAIN”LESS”/STAIN-FUL(!!!)-STEELS) AND/OR Ni-BASED, MOST ESPECIALLY HASTALLOY-X ROCKET/JET-ENGINE COMBUSTION-CHAMBERS/”BURN-CANS”[NEW YORK TIMES(SEPTEMBER, 1981)!!!; AVIATION WEEK AND SPACE TECHNOLOGY(SEPTEMBER, 1981)!!!] “POSSIBLE”/”ACCIDENTS” WAITING-TO-HAPPEN(!!!) EXPLOSIONS(!!!) IN INPE/CNPq ROCKET/JET/MISSILE-ENGINES’ COMBUSTION-CHAMBERS/ ”BURN-CANS”!!I INPE/CNPq RETALIATED FOR SIEGEL “MEDDLING” IN AREAS HE WAS NOT HIRED TO DO, BY ABROGATING SIEGEL'S MULTI-YEAR EMPLOYMENT-CONTRACT FOR WHICH HE LEFT QUEEN MARY COLLEGE/UNIVERSITY OF LONDON, EFFECTIVELY FIRING SIEGEL!!! SURE ENOUGH, SEVERAL YEARS LATER I NORTHERN-BRAZIL, A BRAZIL SATELLITE LAUNCH-VEHICLE BLEW-UP ON ITS LAUNCHPAD MAIMING AND KILLING MANY OF SIEGEL’S FORMER INPE/CNPq COLLEAGUES AND FRIENDS, AND CRIPPLING BRAZIL’S SPACE ASPIRATIONS THEN!!!, EXACTLY AS IT DOOMED THE US-NASA SPCE-SHUTTLE CHALLANGER!!! PHYSICS NOBEL-LAUREATE RICHARD FEYNMAN WAS ONLY PARTIALLY RIGHT: THE COLD O-RING CATASTROPHIC-CRACKING ONLY PROVIDED THE IMPULSE TO FRACTURE THE HASTALLOY-X FUEL-TANK(S) ALONG ITS/THEIR LENGTH, EFF