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Mexico City: Viva la diferencia

In Sunday's elections, it's likely the liberal Mexican capital will once again go against the grain.

Mexico city 2012 06 28Enlarge
One thing's for sure: Mexico City is definitely different. Here a clown performs during a human rights protest on May 30, in the Mexican capital. Residents of the capital are expected to go against the grain and vote for leftist candidates in the July 1 mayoral and presidential elections. (Yuri Cortez/AFP/Getty Images)

MEXICO CITY, Mexico — Heartthrob Justin Bieber packed more than 200,000 screaming fans into the Zocalo square in the heart of Mexico City for a free concert promoted by the local government earlier in June.

Paul McCartney drew a large number to the same place one month earlier. An outdoor ice rink, billed as the biggest on the planet, occupies the square during the Christmas season.

These spectacles — sometimes derided as circuses — arrive often in Mexico City, and have proved popular.

It's also a prop in the local political picture, as Mayor Marcelo Ebrard and his left-wing Democratic Revolution Party (PRD) have played ringmaster promoted the "circus" as a way of winning votes among working-class and poor residents.

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Ebrard cannot run for re-election, but his party and its allies are expected to retain Mexico City in a landslide in the July 1 local elections. That’s the exact opposite of other parts of Mexico, where the once long-ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) leads polls for the presidential contest scheduled for the same day.

"There's almost a bipolar situation, with Mexico City going against the rest of the country," says Jorge Zepeda, director of the online publication Sin Embargo. He attributes the party's popularity as much to competent governance, in a city prone to earthquakes and water shortages, as ideology.

"The city, as immense and brutal as it is, functions fairly well in operational terms," he says. The PRD holds a hammerlock on the Mexican capital, known locally as the Distrito Federal, or DF, and home to nearly 9 million residents. (Another 12 million live in suburbs belonging to Mexico state, which surrounds DF like a horseshoe.)

On Sunday, Mexicans will be treated to a feast of political choices. They have to vote for mayors, governors, lawmakers, and the president.

Mexico City's leftist ways have also helped move left-wing presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador into second-place — he packed the Zocalo for his finally rally on Wednesday — and pushed the PRI to campaign on populist proposals such as freezing prices.

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The PRD has dominated local politics since 1997 and its administrations have been credited with beginning to turn around a city previously notorious for crime, corruption and contaminated air.

Its urban agenda has involved expanding mass transit, curbing pollution and promoting cycling.

The social agenda has included decriminalizing abortion, liberalizing divorce laws and legalizing same-sex marriages — all to the dismay of the local Catholic Archdiocese, whose spokesman accused the Ebrard administration of doing more damage than drug cartels.

"Part of the Mexico City legislative agenda still couldn't be passed in a large part of the United States," says Zepeda.

The turn-around has come as some provincial parts of Mexico have descended into drug and organized crime violence and turned Mexico City into an unlikely refuge for those seeking safety.

"Mexico City isn't an attractive place for criminal groups," says Miguel Angel Mancera, mayoral candidate for the PRD and two smaller left-wing parties.

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Mancera, 46, a former Mexico City attorney general, told a recent gathering of foreign correspondents that having local police under a single command is an advantage, along with the benefit of 13,000 security cameras monitoring the streets. He says committing crimes and moving merchandise in a traffic-clogged city is difficult for the cartels.

(Miguel Angel Mancera, seen in February 2011 when he was still Mexico City's attorney general, is the left-leaning candidate expected to win the capital's mayoral elections. Luis Acosta/AFP/Getty Images.)

But worrisome signs have emerged. Cartel kingpins and their families reputedly reside in some of Mexico City's fanciest neighborhoods and Mancera called disputes over small-time, drug dealing "a headache."

Three Federal Police officers were shot dead on Monday in the food court of the city’s international airport by two fellow cops who the public security department’s office says were in cahoots with the cartels and are now on the lam.

Mancera notes that federal officials are responsible for security at the airport.

The incident hasn't hurt his polls numbers, which have topped 70 percent, according to Milenio-GEA/ISA. At the same time, PRI presidential candidate Enrique Peña Nieto, former governor of Mexico state, leads polls nationally by double digits.

Peña Nieto, 45, built enormous political capital through 608 public works projects he says were promised and completed in Mexico state during his gubernatorial term. Plenty of positive TV coverage helped promote his project and image in the provinces, his rivals allege.

It's a tough sell in Mexico City, though, where anti-PRI attitudes run strong. District residents are still bitter over PRI's inept response to the 1985 earthquake that flattened parts of the capital, claimed thousands of lives and left even more to fend for themselves.

Ironically, once derided programs and projects originating in Mexico City have been copied by politicians in other parts of Mexico — such as stipends for seniors and single mothers.

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Adrian Rueda, politics columnist for the newspaper Eje Central, says these programs have been popular, but used to maintain PRD patronage groups in poor parts of Mexico City.

"(The PRD) has a structure here ... that's linked to the Federal District's official budget," he says.

Allegations of corruption in the 16 boroughs over zoning and permits is also rife, Rueda adds.

The PRI has complained of corruption, but its campaign has gained little traction — a reflection of the weakness of opposition parties in Mexico City.

"The PRI in the DF looks like Herman Cain," for its lack of structure and the way it's lost half its vote since campaigning began, says Federico Estevez of the Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico.

Mancera will likely have to deal with a PRI president should he win. Ebrard has maintained little contact with President Felipe Calderon over the past six years.

When asked if he would maintain good relations with a PRI president, Mancera responded, "Of course," as his voice trailed off and eyes looked downward.

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http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/americas/mexico/120628/mexico-city-mayor-elections-mancera