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Don't be so modest: How Islam is upending the fashion world

With Islamic fashion a burgeoning industry in a troubled world economy, modesty just might trend.

Here's an interesting twist: the most unlikely of industries — the fashion world — is getting a lesson in innovation from Islam. 

There are two ways this is happening. One, Islamic fashion represents a $95 billion global industry, according to The Guardian, a figure likely to grow along with the expanding world Muslim population.

With those kinds of profits to be made, designers hit by the global economic downturn appear to be following the money (cough, Vivienne Westwood's Barjis Chohan). 

Then there's style. This is Fashion Week, after all. Long have we been complaining about a lack of, well, newness in the industry. What did the 1990s have to say for themselves? Jean jackets? Tie-dye? As for the 2000s ... the lesser of various evils appears to be a return to the fifties (à la Michelle Obama).

The point is, the constraints presented by Muslim values — e.g., the idea that a woman's body is respected when most of it is decidedly not on display — have proven a creative challenge for an industry long accustomed to unfettered freedom of expression, not to mention Western sensibilities increasingly hard to shock. 

What are designers coming up with? Honestly, some pretty badass outfits. Check out the sumptuous dresses created by US designer Nzinga Knight, herself a Muslim. Clean lines and ebullient colors combine in forms that nod to a woman's natural sensuality — Knight's dresses may not be made for super-conservative Wahabbi-style Muslims, but for the moderate majority, they're likely to hold great appeal. 

Meanwhile, a new modeling agency for Muslim models, called Underwraps, launched in New York City and had its first runway show in September, with founder Nailah Lymus telling Fashionista the agency is trying to bridge the gap felt between Muslim models and their Western counterparts. 

“We take things seriously and are professional just like other models," Lymus said. "During Fashion Week I’ll be sending them out to castings just like anyone else."

Also closing the gap are a growing cohort of fashion-forward Muslim bloggers with their own take on matters. In "Balancing Fashion & Faith: A Look at Muslim Style Bloggers," Taylor Davies of Independent Fashion Bloggers offers a run-down of how major players in the online Muslim community feel about this issue.

"I find that almost every trend can be worked into a more modest look," blogger Asma of Haute Muslimah told Davies. "I mean, except if the trend is mini[skirt]s — well, even then I suppose you could rock them with pants."

Which a lot of ladies do. The Guardian's Sara Ilyas says it's "easier to be a fashionable Muslim in Britain these days — walk down Oxford street and stereotypes of the hijab as bland and restrictive are laughable," she wrote, describing "gaggles of friends wearing bright leopard print H&M shawls as a hijab, girls with a mountain of fabric piled up to create a beehive style hijab — hell, I even saw a lady wearing a glittery blue cardigan as a headscarf once (I saw the sleeve hanging out)."

All that mixing and matching is where Barjis Chohan's new line of clothing comes in. Chohan, who worked under designer Vivienne Westwood, told The Guardian that "fashionable Muslims are struggling to buy clothes" due to "unsuitable hemlines and necklines, and they resort to wearing layers, which are very hot and uncomfortable in the summer." Her new line is intended "to fill this gap," by providing "practical, high-quality, modest and fashionable day and evening wear for the busy, modern woman." 

Knight, the US designer, seized a similar opportunity. "My aesthetic was something really missing in the market,” the designer told AFP. “It’s very distinct and can give me an edge." When she first started working in fashion back in 2008, she decided modesty was getting a bum rap in the industry.

“It seemed each designer had the same point of view" in terms of style, she said, referring to the high demand for open-back, cleavage-showing dresses. “I felt a lot of women were wearing things because that’s what the magazines told them."

Indeed, resistance to catwalk eye candy is moving beyond traditionally religious circles. Women (and girls!) are rejecting the Barbie Doll-style Western female image not only on practical grounds but as a form of outright discrimination. The fashion industry is seen as an accomplice. So an increasing number of women, many of them feminists, are allying with the Muslim designers on this one. What's next, modest clothing becoming a legit fashion trend? Who knows, but if so, this is the week to reveal it.

Sadeel Allam More than 1 year ago
Dear Kristin, After reading your article, there is one part that I don’t agree. I'm not sure sarcasm, if you are stating where you stand with your position on what you believe of Islam or there is lack of knowledge in terms of Islam and the guidelines of dress for muslim women. I also don’t know if you are muslim or not, but I will take it that you are not. I just want to shed my personal take on your following statement: “Knight's dresses may not be made for super-conservative Wahabbi-style Muslims, but for the moderate majority, they're likely to hold great appeal.” Although, there are ‘some’ muslims and society that classify the attire of a muslim woman as liberal, moderate, conservative and/or extremist. I can also understand from a non-muslim perspective how these classification can be used depending on view of the beholder. But, there is no such classification in Islam about that. What is in Islam is Haram(forbidden) Makrooh(disliked) and Halal(permissible). As far as hijab(veil, covering and not just a headscarf) guidelines. Generally speaking there are 3 categories: 1. Mahram(people you can’t marry like your father, brother, uncle) In this category we are allowed to show our hair, arms, necks and from the knees down, which brings the point that the clothing from the designers you mention are permissible to wear. 2. Non-Mahram(men you can marry.) This category we are told to cover everything but the face and hands and this includes not showing the contour lines of those areas covered. 3. There is no hijab for the husband. This means any clothing like the designers you mention are not only allowed but recommended or no clothing is permissible. All muslim women are allowed to wear what they want, but we should know infront of whom. My reference to the above guidelines a respectable American, Muslim and convert/revert iman Khalid Yasin My last point is that within Islam we are all at a different journey of our faith and also like any other faith you will find people at different paces. All the clothing of the designers you mention may fall into different hijab categories or also maybe used as a transitional piece. Islam is very clear on what the dress guideline of a muslim woman infront of different types of people, whether some are following and others are not, that is part of the journey in our faiths. Our hijab journey and Modesty in Islam is not from what I understand and learned a stall. We are or should be continuously working on making our modesty better after every prayer. This is why there is no such categories such as moderate and so on. Faith in its whole is a continuously journey in any religion. Other than that, I really enjoyed reading your article and bringing to light the talent and options for muslim and non-muslim woman. Thank You.
kristindeasy More than 1 year ago
Hi Sadeel, thank you so much for the thoughtful response. I really appreciate it.