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Detroit bankruptcy ruling sets stage for tough reforms (VIDEO)

A federal judge has formally declared Detroit bankrupt, a landmark ruling that sets the stage for the real work to begin on a plan to become financially solvent.

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General Motors Co. world headquarters in Detroit seen from a distance on Feb. 23, 2013. (J.D. Pooley/Getty Images)

A federal judge on Tuesday formally declared Detroit bankrupt, a landmark ruling that sets the stage for fierce clashes over potentially sweeping cuts to city worker pensions and retirement benefits.

US Judge Steven Rhodes cited the city's dismal finances and $18.5 billion in debt in support of his decision.

"This once proud and prosperous city can't pay its debts. It's insolvent," Rhodes said in formally granting Detroit the largest public bankruptcy in US history. "At the same time, it also has an opportunity for a fresh start."

City unions and pension systems had argued that the Chapter 9 filing should be thrown out because it violated state constitutional contract protections for retiree benefits.

With the decision, Detroit can now focus on writing a plan to cut its debt.

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That will mean a slew of meetings with unhappy creditors and touchy negotiations over the pensions of about 23,000 retirees and 9,000 workers.

The city's pension funds are short by an estimated $3.5 billion.

Things are so desperate that the city may consider auctioning off masterpieces from the Detroit Institute of Arts and selling a water department that serves much of southeastern Michigan.

The city's emergency manager, Kevyn Orr, told the Detroit Free Press he plans to submit a plan of adjustment “in the coming weeks,” file a disclosure statement early next year and work to exit Chapter 9 protection by the end of September 2014.

More from GlobalPost: Detroit bankruptcy impact will be widespread, experts say

http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/americas/united-states/131203/detroit-bankruptcy-ruling-sets-stage-finance-ref