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David Wineland, from the US, and Serge Haroche, from France, will share the 2012 Nobel prize in physics for their work on quantum optics.
This year's Nobel prize in physics was announced Tuesday at the Royal Swedish Academy of Science in Stockholm. The two winners will share a prize of 8 million Swedish krona, or $1.2 million.
According to the official Nobel prize website, Wineland and Haroche "have independently invented and developed methods for measuring and manipulating individual particles while preserving their quantum-mechanical nature, in ways that were previously thought unattainable."
"The Nobel Laureates have opened the door to a new era of experimentation with quantum physics by demonstrating the direct observation of individual quantum particles without destroying them," an announcement from the prize committee said.
Wineland is affiliated with the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Colorado at Boulder, while Haroche is with the College de France and the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris.
On Monday, John Gurdon of the UK and Shinya Yamanaka of Japan were awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize in physiology for medicine. The pair discovered that adult specialized cells can be reprogrammed into stem cells.
The BBC said this year's chemistry prize will be announced on Wednesday, and the literature and peace prizes will be awarded later in the week.
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