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Qatar’s efforts to promote female athletes is putting pressure on more conservative Saudi Arabia
DOHA, Qatar — Gulf heavyweight Saudi Arabia and its feisty little neighbor Qatar are at odds over recent calls to include female competitors on their Olympic teams.
Previously both countries — and Brunei — had only sent male competitors to the quadrennial event. But after an outcry from leading human rights groups, the International Olympic Committee asked the three nations to include at least one woman in their official delegations.
While Saudi Olympic Committee President Prince Nawaf Bin-Faisal, a member of the royal family and the country’s sports minister, said he does “not approve” of sending female athletes to the London Games, Qatari officials are working overtime to reverse the perception of gender bias.
“Qatar offers an interesting parallel of what’s happening in Saudi Arabia,” said Middle East expert Christopher Davidson. “Qatar is carefully positioning itself as a different entity than Saudi Arabia. A slightly dangerous game given that Saudi’s at its doorstep. The female athletes issue is another great opportunity for Qatar to create a lot of distance between its society and political culture and the Saudi one.”
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The tiny Gulf nation is making greater female participation in sports the focal point of its own pitch to host the 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
“Hosting the Games in Doha will have enormous and positive social ramifications in a region of the world where gender empowerment remains a challenge in some areas,” according to the bid application Qatar submitted in February. “Breaking down barriers and creating new opportunities for women in sports and through sports also opens the way to equality in other aspects of life. The 2020 Games in Doha will nurture, advance and accelerate this progress exponentially.”
This will be the oil-rich nation’s second successive bid to host the global event, after it failed to make the cut for the 2016 Games. A woman, Noora Al Mannai, the chief executive of the Doha 2020 leadership team, is leading the new effort.
Meanwhile, Qatar has introduced physical education programs for girls in many schools around Doha, and has sponsored promising young female athletes to travel to the United States, Europe and elsewhere for expert instruction. The government also plans to construct a high-performance training center for female athletes in Doha.
“We are organizing many sports management courses, technical courses every year and sending many ladies to attend women's conferences and workshops to gain knowledge,” said Ahlam Almana, president of the Qatar Women’s Sports Committee.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) will announce the shortlist of candidate cities bidding to host the 2020 games in May.
While skeptical of Doha’s chances, Davidson said the bid provided an opportunity for Qatar to continue to establish itself on the international stage.
“I suspect the Olympic bid is more a branding exercise than anything else. It’s more part of Qatar’s overall soft power push — and of course female athletes fit into that,” he said.
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The IOC has already handed Qatar three wild cards this year for female athletes, which made swimmer Nada Arkaji, air rifle shooter Bahia Al-Hamad and sprinter Noor al-Malki eligible for London. Wild cards are invitations granted by the IOC for athletes who may not meet the international qualifying standards.
These three will join other female athletes from neighboring Kuwait, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, which have sent women to compete in past games. Defying Saudi Arabia, these Gulf countries have taken the lead in the greater Middle East by encouraging women’s participation in sports.
In February, female athletes from 11 countries throughout the region competed in the first Arab Women Sports Tournament at the Sharjah Ladies Club in the United Arab Emirates.
“We didn't know that this tournament had been the dream of many Arab women in the region,” said Noura Al Noman, the president of the Higher Organizing Committee for the Women’s Arab Clubs.
After the success of the initial tournament, Al Noman said the competition would now be held every two years and include at least five different sporting events, including basketball, volleyball, track, shooting and table tennis.
The Asian Games in 2006 provided the first real opportunity for Gulf women to participate in a large-scale sport competition. That participation has increased in recent years, along with a solid showing in the inaugural 2010 Youth Olympic Games in Singapore and the Arab Games in Doha last December.
But large-scale events can often overshadow the personal burdens facing individual athletes, who may have more support from the government than from conservative family members and society as a whole.