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A recent strike in Aleppo led Syrians to think chemical warfare had broken out. But a closer analysis reveals something different.
prove their use," she said, referring to chemical weapons. Sirkin acknowledged that even if proper investigations are done, getting samples out of the country and analyzed is difficult. Indeed, Dr. Hassan told GlobalPost that he has so far been unable to get the canister collected at the scene of the April 13 attack tested by an independent source.
What faction of the Syrian conflict would be motivated to conduct an attack like the one on April 13 is unclear. Syrians at the scene were quick to point fingers at the government. Numerous locals in Sheikh Maqsoud said they heard a helicopter fly overhead just before the attack, and only the government has access to aircraft. None of the witnesses GlobalPost interviewed, however, said they saw the projectile come from the helicopter.
The Sheikh Maqsoud neighborhood is itself a microcosm of how complicated the Syrian conflict has become. A Kurdish militia controls the area and has set up defensive lines, but has otherwise refrained from taking sides, criticizing both the government’s violent response to the civilian uprising and the increasing presence of extremists among the rebel ranks.
Earlier this month, however, the Kurdish militia — known as the Popular Protection Unit, or YPG — gave permission to Free Syrian Army forces to enter their territory to attack government positions. The brief alliance was quickly shattered last week after the rebels accused the Kurds of double-crossing them and clashes erupted.
Dr. Hassan said he thought the government was attempting to scare the Kurds in Sheikh Maqsoud — using a small attack with some kind of chemical — to prevent them from working again with the rebels.
Others accuse the Free Syrian Army of trying to rope foreign powers into the conflict by feigning a chemical attack.
The Syrian government has little to gain from speculation that chemical weapons are being used in Syria. US President Barack Obama has said on several occasions that the use of chemical weapons would be a “red line” and a “game changer,” and could compel the United States to intervene more directly.
The governments of Israel, the United States, France and Britain have all recently claimed to have evidence that chemical weapons were used in Syria. US officials pointed to two attacks in March, but didn’t release any more details.
More from GlobalPost: What would intervention in Syria look like?
Despite the growing calls from global intelligence communities and US lawmakers, the United States has so far held off on any full-scale intervention. Obama said in a press conference Tuesday that his administration wanted more evidence before making any decisions.
For the United States, any intervention is complicated by the presence of religious extremists, both foreign and domestic, among the ranks of the opposition.
The Obama administration is concerned about what kind of leadership might take the place of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, and that any material military support could end up in the hands of extremists.
Meanwhile, the conflict has now dragged on for more than two years, claiming the lives of more than 70,000 people. In such a climate, Syrians are quick to assume the worst. On April 13, they did just that.
“When we arrived on the scene I saw the bomb canister. It was not a heavy explosive,” said Toul Haldun Zagroz, a Kurdish police officer in Sheikh Maqsoud. He said he was part of the second team to arrive at the scene, adding that many of the police and rescuers on the first team ended up in the hospital with similar symptoms as the victims.
“There was a white powder covering the stairs but there was no smell or smoke. It did not even occur to me that it might be a chemical, but when we went inside we saw the children dead and the Kurdish police who had arrived before us were on the ground foaming something white from their mouth. Their eyes were so red.”
Zagroz himself would later suffer similar symptoms. About 30 minutes after entering Younes' home, he was taken to the hospital to be treated for dizziness, severe headache, blurred vision and stomach pain.
Dr. Hassan said he doesn't know for sure what chemical is being used, but he believes the symptoms were consistent with sarin gas. Experts dispute this, pointing out that if it were sarin, even people who came in contact with victims would be vulnerable to severe illness or even death.
Dr. Hassan said the 22 patients brought to Avreen Hospital after the attack were stripped and scrubbed, and their clothing and blankets used during transportation were burned.
A medical report released by the hospital said the patients were unconscious or semi-conscious, trembling and foaming from the mouth and nose. One died after arrival but the others recovered within five days. Several doctors were also affected, including Dr. Hassan.
“My effects were mild, but one doctor had to be admitted to be ICU,” he said.