By Clare Kane
MADRID, Jan 7 (Reuters) - Two Spanish regions with strong
independence movements reacted angrily on Monday to a speech by
the country's defence minister that said the military was
prepared and calm in the face of "absurd provocations".
Defence Minister Pedro Morenes made the comments at Spain's
annual Epiphany military parade on Sunday, provoking reaction
from politicians in Catalonia, where leaders are moving towards
a referendum on independence from Spain, and the Basque Country.
"The military is prepared, they are keeping calm and in good
spirits and not reacting to absurd provocations," said Morenes,
without directly mentioning either region.
He also praised the armed forces as an example of "unity,
honesty, generosity and bravery".
After the death of dictator General Francisco Franco in
1975, Spain was carved up into 17 autonomous regions with power
over education and health budgets, as well as the right to use
local languages suppressed under Franco.
But Spain's economic crisis has brought regional tensions to
the forefront of politics, especially in Catalonia, where many
are convinced they would fare better as part of an independent
The President of Catalonia's Parliament, Nuria de Gispert,
called Morenes' comments "a definite provocation" and a
reference to "the process started in Catalonia".
"We shouldn't worry about the army," she said in an
interview with Catalan television on Monday. "There are few
provocations, almost none at all, coming from Catalonia."
The role of the military can still be a delicate issue in
Spain, where older generations remember the Franco dictatorship.
A rightist military coup was attempted in 1981 following the
return of democracy but failed.
In October four Catalan members of the European Parliament
wrote a letter to European Union Justice Commissioner Viviane
Reding detailing their "deep concern over a series of threats of
the use of military force against the Catalan population".
Catalan leader Artur Mas failed to get the absolute majority
he hoped for in November elections but the region's two biggest
political forces signed a pact last month to defy Madrid by
holding a referendum on secession from Spain in 2014.
The spokesman for the Basque government told regional
channel ETB on Monday that the minister's comments were "out of
"It seemed like an unnecessary reference to me. I don't know
if he wanted to provoke with his words, but they were out of
place," Josu Erkoreka said.
In the Basque Country, militant separatist group ETA killed
more than 800 people over four decades of violence in its fight
for independence. The group announced an end to armed struggle
in 2011 but did not fully halt operations or turn over its
In regional elections in October, Basque pro-independence
party Bildu finished second behind the nationalist PNV (Partido
Batasuna, regarded by Spain as the political wing of ETA
rebels, said last week it was closing down to clear the way for
Basque separatists to operate within the political system.
Spain's King Juan Carlos said in an interview at the weekend
to mark his 75th birthday that he was concerned about "breakaway
policies", adding that recession-hit Spain needed "unity".
The king won the respect of many Spaniards after publicly
condemning the attempted military coup in 1981.
(Reporting by Clare Kane; Editing by Angus MacSwan)