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By Huw Jones
LONDON, Jan 28 (Reuters) - A British court has upheld the Financial Services Authority's 8 million pound ($13 million) fine for Canadian trading firm Swift Trade, the British watchdog's largest penalty for market manipulation.
The FSA said Swift Trade engaged in "systematic and deliberate" trading practices known as "layering" - posting tens of thousands of orders on the London Stock Exchange from different parts of the world to dupe the UK market about true supply and demand for the shares. The resulting share price moves were exploited and the original orders deleted.
Following a transatlantic probe involving Canada and the United States, the FSA fined the now-dissolved firm in August 2011 but an appeal with the Upper Tribunal was lodged.
"The Tribunal described this as being 'as serious a case of market abuse of its kind as might be imagined'," the FSA said on Monday. FSA director of enforcement, Tracey McDermott added: "We urge other market participants to take note of this judgment which makes it clear that layering is abusive."
Canadian law allows the FSA to pursue collecting the fine as if the company had not been wound up. Swift Trade was voluntarily dissolved under Canadian law in December 2010 and its assets transferred to BRMS Holdings.
Although the UK watchdog has known it may not get all or even part of the fine from Swift Trade, it will continue to pursue the affiliate for money. The regulator was also keen for a court to formally acknowledge that layering is illegal.
The case is part of the FSA's "credible deterrence" policy of cracking down harder on market manipulation with a willingness to take on costlier and complex cross-border probes.
The FSA expects brokers and those who give traders direct access to exchanges, to have appropriate controls to spot and report abuses, McDermott said.
Swift Trade and its chief executive Peter Beck had also challenged the FSA's right to publish its decision to fine the company before the appeal had run its course. The Tribunal dismissed this challenge in 2011.
The FSA said the Tribunal's latest decision to uphold the fine also dismissed Beck's challenge to being named in the FSA's 2011 decision to fine Swift Trade.
Swift Trade, its affiliate Biremis Corp, Peter Beck and others have recently agreed settlements with the Ontario Securities Commission, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, and the U.S. Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, the FSA said.