By David Alexander
CAIRO (Reuters) - Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel said on Wednesday the U.S. effort to determine whether Syria has used chemical weapons is a "serious business" that cannot be decided in a rush just because several countries believe evidence supports that conclusion.
"Suspicions are one thing, evidence is another," Hagel told reporters as he wrapped up a visit to Egypt that included talks about Syria and other regional issues.
"I think we have to be very careful here before we make any conclusions (and) draw any conclusions based on real intelligence. That's not at all questioning other nations' intelligence. But the United States relies on its own intelligence."
The United States has warned that any chemical weapons use by Syria, now convulsed by civil war, would cross a "red line" that would trigger some unspecified response.
Hagel rejected suggestions the United States was undermining its credibility by saying it was continuing to assess the issue, even as France, Britain and Israel have concluded evidence suggests chemical arms have been used in Syria's conflict.
A top Israeli military intelligence officer said on Tuesday that evidence supported the conclusion Syrian government forces had used chemical weapons - probably sarin - several times against rebels trying to overthrow President Bashar al-Assad.
The officer's remarks came in the final moments of a three-day visit by Hagel to Israel.
SYRIA SAYS WOULD NOT USE CHEMICAL ARMS
Syria's information minister was quoted as saying on Wednesday that Damascus would not resort to chemical weapons against its own citizens or even in the event of war with its neighbour Israel.
Hagel, who had not previously commented on the Israeli report, said that while he had discussed the Syrian conflict and chemical weapons with Israeli leaders, he had not been given the findings cited by the intelligence officer.
"When I was in Israel they did not give me that assessment. I guess it wasn't complete, so I haven't seen the specifics, haven't talked to any Israeli officials, nor have I talked to any of our intelligence officials specifically about it."
U.S. defence officials said it was not immediately clear whether the intelligence report reflected the final conclusions of the Israeli government or simply the Israeli military.
Hagel declined to elaborate on his discussions about Syrian chemical weapons with Israeli Defence Minister Moshe Yaalon.
Asked whether the assessments by France, Britain and Israel put pressure on Washington to make a judgment more quickly, Hagel said, "I don't think you judge these kinds of serious matters based on a time line.
"This is serious business and you want to be as sure as you can be on these kind of things, and until I see our intelligence assessments and the results of those, I can't respond any further," he said.
A bipartisan group of U.S. senators said on Wednesday it sent a letter to President Barack Obama asking him to say whether the Syrian government or elements backed by it had used chemical weapons in the country since the conflict there began in March 2011.
"We believe this question can be answered straightforwardly without compromising any critical intelligence sources and methods, just as our French, British, and Israeli allies have done," the letter said.
It was signed by Republican Senator John McCain of Arizona, Democratic Senator Carl Levin of Michigan, and six other senators from the two parties.
The Syrian government and rebels each accused the other of launching a chemical attack near the embattled city of Aleppo last month.
Syrian authorities acknowledged last year having chemical and biological weapons and said they could be used if foreign countries intervened in the conflict, a threat that elicited strong warnings from Washington and its allies.
(Additional reporting by Andrea Shalal-Esa in Washington; Editing by Mark Heinrich and Eric Walsh)