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Factbox: The 2013 Nobel Prize Season

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(Globalpost/GlobalPost)

LONDON (Reuters) - Here is a look at who has won the Nobel prizes for 2013:

* Physiology or Medicine: James E. Rothman (United States)

Randy W. Schekman (United States)

Thomas C. Suedhof (Germany,

United States)

- For - plotting how cells transfer vital materials such as

hormones and brain chemicals to other cells, giving

insight into diseases such as Alzheimer's, autism

and diabetes.

* Physics: Francois Englert (Belgium)

Peter W. Higgs (United Kingdom)

- For - predicting the existence of the Higgs boson particle

that explains how elementary matter attained the

mass to form stars and planets.

* Chemistry: Martin Karplus (United States,

Austria)

Michael Levitt (United States,

United Kingdom)

Arieh Warshel (United States,

Israel)

- For - laying the foundations for development of computers

to understand complex chemical processes from the

purification of exhaust fumes to photosynthesis

which helps in complex processes such as the

development of drugs.

* Literature: Alice Munro (Canada)

- For - being a master of the contemporary short story.

Munro is acclaimed for her finely tuned

storytelling, which is characterized by clarity and

psychological realism. Some critics consider her a

Canadian Chekhov.

* Peace: Organization for the Prohibition

of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

- For - its extensive efforts to

eliminate chemical weapons.

(Reporting by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit)

http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/thomson-reuters/131011/factbox-the-2013-nobel-prize-season