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Today in Korean history

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(GlobalPost/GlobalPost)

April 13

1397 -- Construction of Seoul's East Gate is completed.

1919 -- A Korean government-in-exile is set up in Shanghai to begin efforts to win independence from Japanese colonial rule.

1977 -- South Korea establishes formal diplomatic ties with Sudan.

1989 -- Moon Ik-hwan, a pastor and reunification activist, is arrested for violating the National Security Law after returning from an unauthorized trip to North Korea.

1995 -- South Korea establishes diplomatic relations with Egypt.

2000 -- South Korea holds a general election to pick lawmakers for the 16th National Assembly.

2005 -- South Korea denies reports that President Roh Moo-hyun personally asked former Indonesian President Megawati Sukarnoputri to convey a proposal for a second inter-Korean summit to North Korean leader Kim Jong-il.

2012 -- North Korea fires off the Unha 3 long-range rocket from the Tongchang-ri launch site but fails to put satellite Kwangmyongsong 3 into orbit. The country also names new leader Kim Jong-un as the first chairman of the National Defense Commission, completing the succession process.

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http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/yonhap-news-agency/140412/today-korean-history