Forty-three NGO workers, including 19 Americans, are being referred to a Cairo criminal court to stand trial for illegally receiving foreign funds, the ministry of justice announced today.
The move will likely deteriorate further an ongoing row between US and Egyptian officials over foreign aid to organizations involved in political activities here.
A trial date for the accused has not yet been set.
One of those charged, an Egyptian woman who wished to remain anonymous for fear of legal repercussions, spoke to GlobalPost minutes after the names of the accused were announced.
She works for the National Democratic Institute (NDI), an American NGO affiliated with the Democratic Party and that provides training and support to voters and democracy advocates both in Egypt and in countries around the world.
"I feel very bad," she said through tears on the phone. "I am waiting to hear the official charges. We didn't even know there was a list [of accused] until yesterday."
Both Sam Lahood, son of the US Transportation Secretary and Egypt country director for the International Republican Institute (IRI), and the country director for NDI, Julie Hughes, are on the list.
Foreign funding of political NGOs has long been a contentious issue in Egypt, ruled for decades by now ousted authoritarian president, Hosni Mubarak.
But growing fear of "foreign interference" in domestic affairs following a popular revolt last year has bolstered support among many Egyptians for crackdowns on organizations and activists they see as destabilizing the country.
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Egyptian police raided at least 10 foreign and Egyptian NGOs in Dec. 2011, confiscating equipment and sealing their offices.
"After the revolution, I wanted to be part of something positive," said the NDI employee, who became more involved in training political party members as part of her work over the past year. "And it turned into a trial."
The law says all NGOs must register with the ministry of social solidarity to approve transfers of funds from abroad. But registering with the government means opening an organization's books to intelligence surveillance, civil society groups here say.
The government also often blocks foreign funding for tracking human rights violations and promoting awareness about things like torture.
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But the controversy has escalated into a debate over Egypt's sovereignty. US officials have fired back with threats to withhold $1.5 billion in annual aid to Egypt's military rulers.