New statistics from the United Nations released on World AIDS day this week have global health experts speculating about the possibility of an AIDS-free generation.
Their hope lies in the cradle.
The number of children who contract the disease at birth from HIV-positive mothers dropped by more than half between 2005 and 2012, from 540,000 to 260,000, according to the report.
The decline in HIV among infants has been dramatic in a number of countries. Namibia cut infection by 58 percent between 2009 and 2012. Zimbabwe, Malawi, Botswana, Zambia and Ethiopia all reported reductions of at least 50 percent.
But “Ghana is the true leader in the fight against AIDS,” wrote Erin Hohlfelder, global health policy director for the nonprofit ONE, in a recent report. In the last four years, mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the country declined by 76 percent.