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A blog about human rights in their many forms.

Red Cross worker in Gaza: 'The psychological wounds are many'

Q&A: Maria Cecilia Goin describes the mounting difficulties in providing aid to civilians in Gaza.
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Civil Defense workers evacuate the body of a little girl killed during the ongoing Israeli military offensive on the Shejaiya neighborhood between Gaza City and the Israeli border, which has left more than 50 people dead in a blistering bombardment which began overnight, medics said on July 20, 2014. (Mohammed Abed/AFP/Getty Images)

More than 600 people have died in Gaza since a wave of new violence between Palestinians and Israelis erupted two weeks ago. The United Nations estimates that over three quarters of those dead in Gaza are civilians, with at least a hundred of them children. A hospital that was hit by Israeli shells on Monday, Al-Aqsa Hospital, claimed five more lives, and injured over 70 people.

The fighting in the region during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan has robbed people of basic utilities like water and electricity, and made many others homeless. Aid workers in Gaza told GlobalPost that more than 90,000 people are currently without any water supply, and 18-hour power cuts have become the norm. The bombing intensifies during night, according to one aid worker, terrifying locals who can barely sleep until there is a relative lull after sunrise. And hundreds of people have taken shelter in basements, schools and hospitals.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has been working in Gaza since the recent fighting began, providing medical and infrastructural support to local aid workers. GlobalPost spoke with ICRC’s spokesperson Maria Cecilia Goin, who is in Gaza, to learn more about the organization’s efforts.

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UN Security Council dawdles while Syrians die far from the front lines

Commentary: Barrel bombs are a new signature of government’s military campaign against Aleppo.
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A resident of Syria's Yarmuk Palestinian refugee camp, south of Damascus, pushes a trolley loaded with a box of goods distributed by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) on July 17, 2014. Forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad have been laying siege to Yarmuk since last year. (RAMI AL-SAYED/AFP/Getty Images)

BEIRUIT — The United Nations Security Council finally adopted a resolution authorizing UN agencies and their implementing partners to deliver aid across the Syrian border without requiring the government’s consent. The government had completely ignored a February resolution calling for it to let aid reach all parts of Syria, including areas controlled by armed groups.

That’s a step in the right direction, if aid finally starts flowing. But it shouldn’t distract attention from another crucial demand the Security Council made back in February: for the warring parties to end indiscriminate attacks against civilians.

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Underage Moroccan girls married off with judges' consent

The Moroccan legal code forbids girls under age 18 to marry, but exceptions are granted most of the time.
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The daughter of Rachida Diani, who helps her mom around the house in Rabat, Morocco. She is bubbly, but shy. Unlike her brothers, she rarely leaves the house to play outside. (William Matsuda/GlobalPost)
The Moroccan legal code forbids girls under age 18 to marry, but exceptions are granted most of the time.
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US government funding another anti-Castro social network in Cuba

ZunZuneo, the so-called 'Cuban Twitter,' was reported in April but actually closed in 2012. Now meet Piramideo, a mobile network aimed at young people.
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A Cuban boy uses his mobile phone next to a poster of Cuban former President Fidel Castro in June 2010 in Havana. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)

HAVANA, Cuba — The US government is using a sophisticated cell phone program in a failed effort to spark anti-Castro demonstrations on the island, according to Cuban officials and a US expert.

The US Office of Cuba Broadcasting (OCB) sponsors a cell phone service called "Piramideo" (roughly translated as Pyramid), which spreads propaganda through text messages, according to Nestor Garcia, a former Cuban diplomat who now teaches at the Institute for International Relations in Havana.

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In India, village elders sanction ‘retaliatory rape’

Despite new laws, a harsh patriarchal system continues to punish women for the crimes of men.
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Indian activists from the Social Unity Center of India (SUCI) shout slogans against the state government in protest against the gang-rape and murder of two girls in the district of Badaun in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh and recent rapes in the eastern state of West Bengal, in Kolkata on June 7, 2014. The protests came amid a growing uproar over the killings in Uttar Pradesh, with the United Nations saying violence against women should be regarded as a matter of basic human rights. The two cousins, aged 14 and 12, were found hanging from a mango tree in their impoverished village, with subsequent tests showing they had been the victim of multiple sexual assaults. (Dibyangshu Sarkar /AFP/Getty Images)

In another shocking display of sexual violence in India, a 14-year-old girl was dragged through a forest and raped Monday last week as punishment for her brother’s alleged sexual assault of a neighbor’s wife.

The woman’s husband, Nakabandi Pasi, carried out the “retaliatory rape” with the consent of a village elder who was also Nakabandi’s father-in-law. No one dared intervene, villagers told The Indian Express.

The assault – which occurred in a village in Bokaro in the eastern state of Jharkhand that is home to people from India’s lowest caste – was the second time this year that local leaders used rape as punishment. In January, a 20-year-old woman from West Bengal was gang raped on the orders of her village council because she fell in love with a man from another town.

These crimes reflect the strict patriarchal system still dominant in rural India. Women’s bodies are viewed as repositories of their family’s honor, and any risk or damage to that honor – whether it’s falling victim to sexual assault or daring to wear jeans – requires retribution. That could mean an “honor killing,” as in a case last year when a couple planning an elopement were brutally murdered by the man’s family.

Or it could mean rape as punishment.

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Legal restrictions lead to 'DIY abortions' in Texas and Argentina alike

As Texas limits access to abortion, it is walking down a road well-tread by Argentina, where abortion is illegal but half a million women still terminate their pregnancies each year.
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Supporters of Texas women's right to reproductive decisions rally at the Texas State Capitol on July 1, 2013 in Austin, Texas. It was the first day of a second legislative special session called by Texas Gov. Rick Perry to pass an restrictive abortion law through the Texas legislature. The first attempt was defeated after opponents of the law were able to stall the vote until after first special session had ended. (Erich Schlegel/AFP/Getty Images)

HOUSTON, Texas and BUENOS AIRES, Argentina — The plane descended and just beyond the city limits, the clouds gave way to a view of the expansive territory Texas is known for. We had landed, the flight attendant announced, in Houston — the most populous city in the Lone Star State.

We were on our way from Boston to Buenos Aires, where we will be reporting for the next two weeks on the country’s high abortion rate and the legal and religious institutions that surround it.

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The US plans to hand over its internet oversight role

An already-tangled internet governance system looks to be getting more complicated, and some fear without US oversight the internet, and its censorship, could fall into authoritarian hands.
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Mikko Hypponen (L), Chief Research Officer at F-Secure, and US actor David Hasselhoff speak at the 2014 re:publica conferences on digital society on May 6, 2014 in Berlin, Germany. The conference brings together bloggers, developers, human rights activists and others to discuss the course of the digital future. Re:publica will run until May 8. (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

The United States government in March proposed a handing over of the key oversight role it holds in global internet governance — a role that currently grants it ultimate authority over many critical parts of internet function. The proposition initially raised some concerns about the transition of this role, including the possibility that authoritarian regimes could take control of the internet and implement widespread censorship.

This is just one issue to be addressed at the 2014 Internet Governance Forum USA, taking place at George Washington University in Washington, DC, on Wednesday, July 16. Leaders from the internet multistakeholder community will come together with activists, scholars and members of government, to discuss topics such as where human rights fit into internet governance, net neutrality and "increasing the accountability of ICANN" — the organization this entire system of governance functions around.

Though the White House has said it is committed to handing authority over to the multistakeholder community, Washington, DC has been "abuzz" with several congressional hearings taking place with the House Energy and Commerce Committee as well as the Judiciary Committee, and discussions and briefings with the Hudson Institute as well as NetCaucus. Three bills have so far also been introduced.

To understand the implications of the US stepping out of its authoritative role, it is first critical to know what the United States governmnet's function in internet oversight even is.

In its current state, the system of internet governance is a bit of a tangled web of organizations and divisions, which together have created a rather successful oversight network. At its center, Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) controls the global Domain Name System (DNS), or the internet “phone book.” The US is the most important player in ICANN, although over 100 governments, as well as NGOs and industry representatives, also have input.

Although the US is one of just a few countries where the internet is completely “free,” meaning without censorship, according to Freedom House’s 2013 global report, some say there is reason for hope yet.

According to Phil Corwin, J.D., founder of Virtualaw, LLC, a public policy consultancy in Washington, DC, “something better than what we have [now]” could soon replace the US-backed internet governance system.

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The end of Brazil's World Cup brings the death of a protest

Almost exactly a year ago, swarms of Brazilians protested against the government. But as the World Cup got underway the streets saw more police officers than protesters, and hardly anybody noticed.
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About 30 demonstrators rally at the bus terminal in Brasilia on June 30, 2014 during the France vs Nigeria World Cup match in a protest organized by the Free Pass Movement (MPL), and the People's Committee of the Cup demanding, free transportation in the Federal District. (EDILSON RODRIGUES/AFP/Getty Images)

BRASILIA, Brazil — The chanting began as it would on any day during the World Cup — a group of Brazilians, some wearing jerseys, some banging large drums, singing in unison before the match kicked off.

Except they weren’t at the match, and they weren’t going. Their yellow jerseys weren’t for Brazil’s team — they read “VIOLATION” on the back, and displayed the number 0. And most important, their chants weren’t about soccer. Instead, anyone in the middle of the large bus station in Brasilia heard:

“If the World Cup is not for me, I will go to the streets!”

Go to the streets they did, about 50 of them, marching with a giant World Cup trophy wrapped in tarp and chanting slurs at FIFA as they walked toward the brand-new stadium in the capital. On this Monday afternoon, Brazil’s team was warming up inside to play Cameroon in the final match of the group stage — what seems like a lifetime ago before the country descended into mourning after Germany stomped on their dreams.

Vanessa Minnie surveyed the crowd. She had expected more people to show up, for one of the bigger protests planned during the Cup. Almost exactly a year ago, swarms of Brazilians protested against the government, and the rage felt contagious. They lit tires on fire in front of the stadium. They were interviewed by journalists from around the world. They told them that the billions of dollars spent to create the World Cup wasn’t helping Brazil with its major shortcomings in public education, health care, and transportation. Their message was getting through.

But on this day there were more police officers than protesters, and hardly anybody noticed.

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IDP camps in Iraqi Kurdish region overwhelmed by civilian influx

As violence overtakes Iraq, over one million internally displaced persons try to find refuge. Many are arriving to resource-tight UNHCR camps in Kurdish territory.
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Displaced Iraqis consume water from a temporary faucet as thousands have fled recent fighting in the cities of Mosul and Tal Afar on July 2, 2014 in Khazair, Iraq. Many have been temporarily housed at various IDP camps around the region including the area close to Erbil, as they hope to enter the safety of the nearby Kurdish region. (Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

Political leaders from the self-ruled Kurdish region of Iraq declared on Thursday that they will boycott the Cabinet meetings of Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s government, following statements he made accusing the Kurds of “harboring the Sunni militants,” Islamic State, who have overrun much of the country.

The prime minister provided no evidence along with his claim and Deputy Prime Minister Roz Nouri Shawez, the highest ranking Kurdish official in the Iraqi government, promptly responded by saying “such statements are meant to hide the big security fiasco by blaming others.”

Ties between Iraq and the Kurdish region have a long history of strain and conflict that has continued over the last years under al-Maliki’s administration. Not least of those issues has been the fight over oil and land rights.

Though they have been able to work together — Kurds having twice helped al-Maliki secure his post — Wednesday’s allegation further irritated resentment on both sides.

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Flying over Alberta's tar sands, evidence of wealth and destruction (PHOTOS)

Part One: A trillion dollars' worth of heavy crude has attracted the world's oil titans to western Canada. They're making a mess.


Gas flares at the Suncor Oil Sands Mining Site. (Alex MacLean/GlobalPost)

FORT MCMURRAY, Alberta, Canada — Violet Clarke’s home sits virtually in the center of the vast Athabasca tar sands, a colossal deposit of extremely heavy crude oil in the western Canadian province of Alberta.

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