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Not everyone’s aware that there are functioning volcanoes at the bottom of the world’s largest ocean. What’s even more interesting is the role they play in protecting the bodies of water from climate change.
Oceans absorb a large percentage of the greenhouse gases emitted universally. When phytoplankton, which lives in the ocean, dies it absorbs the C02 from the underwater environment and traps it at the bottom of the ocean.
Underwater volcanoes attract rich-nutrients like iron which they push towards the surface of the ocean. Iron emitted from the volcanoes creates an environment that the phytoplankton need to breed, and increased numbers of the creatures means greater carbon absorption.
We’ve seen various examples of how nature can be self-destructive, as some elements tamper with the survival of others. This is an example of the self-sustaining abilities that the environment has. It might also provide scientists with a model to replicate carbon absorption on land and mitigate the effects of climate change above sea level.