During a three-week expedition to the small South American county, Conservation International (CI) recorded a total of 1,300 plant and animal species, including 46 believed to be new to science and 14 on the IUCN Red List of endangered species.
The purpose of the expedition, which forms part of the charity's Rapid Assessment Program, was to document the region's biodiversity for future study and help establish it as a cultural heritage site and ecotourism destination. It was carried out in cooperation with local students, conservation services and indigenous people.
CI plans to lead a second expedition to southern Suriname in March.
You can learn more about the team's discoveries, and vote for your favorite, on Conservation International's website.