Nurses are shown busy treating a patient at the Kyorin University Hospital's intensive care unit (ICU) room in Tokyo on April 20, 2009. The number of emergency patients in Japan had surged by 20 percent over the previous decade, due partly to the rapid aging of the population. Experts said at the time people were being failed by the system because of a complex mix of economic, demographic, professional and legal factors. On March 5, 2013, a 75-year-old man living north of Tokyo died after being refused by 25 area hospitals.