Agence France-PresseMay 23, 2013 02:01
Since its creation 50 years ago in 1963, the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), which evolved into the more powerful African Union in 2002, has devoted a major part of its efforts to resolving the numerous conflicts that dotted the continent.
The OAU's main objectives was to end colonialism from the African continent.
However, the OAU was wound down in favour of the AU because it was widely considered by heads of state to have outlived its usefulness. Since its inception, Africa has been wracked by coups d'etat and civil war despite numerous mediation missions by the body.