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Mexico nears electoral reform, opening door to energy bill

By Dave Graham MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Accused a generation ago of engineering the "perfect dictatorship," Mexico's ruling party is now close to agreeing on a plan that could weaken the presidency and strengthen Congress in order to win votes for a major energy reform. The Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and its opposition rivals are shortly expected to unveil the blueprint for a reform aimed at giving Congress greater oversight of government and allowing lawmakers to serve consecutive terms.

Energy overhaul must wait till 2014, Mexican left says

Mexico City, Nov 12 (EFE).- Legislative and political timetables do not leave Mexico's Congress enough time to debate and approve a proposed oil industry overhaul by the end of this year, the country's main leftist party said Tuesday. "There are many, many issues on the table and there is a very great deal of inflammable material," PRD chair Jesus Zambrano told a press conference. The plan to open Mexico's state-controlled oil and gas sector to private sector participation is President Enrique Peña Nieto's most ambitious initiative since taking office last December.

Mexican union boss at center of political row dies at 91: media

MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Joaquin Hernandez Galicia, the once-powerful head of Mexico's oil workers' union whose arrest on charges of murder and illegal arms possession in 1989 created a political sensation, has died, Mexican media reported on Monday. He was 91. Citing family members, media said Hernandez died early on Monday after being hospitalized earlier this year. Known as "La Quina," Hernandez was thrown in jail weeks after President Carlos Salinas took office in December 1988.

Mexican tax plan weakened further, nears final approval

By Miguel Gutierrez, Michael O'Boyle and Dave Graham MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Mexico's Senate on Thursday made new cuts to a tax reform plan that President Enrique Pena Nieto proposed to increase the nation's anemic tax take before sending the bill back to the lower house of Congress for final approval.

Mexican leftist leader urges PAN, PRD senators to vote against energy reforms

Mexico City, Oct 28 (EFE).- Leftist leader Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador urged senators from Mexico's largest opposition parties at a rally over the weekend to form a coalition to vote against the energy and tax reforms proposed by the Peña Nieto administration.

Mexican conservatives show openness on reform tied to energy bill

By Dave Graham MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Mexico's main opposition party has signaled it is ready to compromise over demands for electoral reform that risk impeding a government bill to liberalize the oil industry. Last month, the conservative National Action Party (PAN) proposed an electoral reform that seeks to curb the power of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, which has dominated Mexican politics for most of the past century.

Mexican conservatives tie support for energy bill to electoral reform

By Miguel Gutierrez MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Mexico's main opposition party said on Monday it would not back a government bill to open the oil industry without an electoral reform that aims to curb the power of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI. Lacking a majority in Congress, President Enrique Pena Nieto is hoping for votes from the conservative National Action Party (PAN) to change the law to allow the private sector to sign lucrative contracts for the exploration and production of crude.

Another member of center-left PRD party killed in Mexico

Mexico City, Sep 14 (EFE).- Mexico's center-left Party of the Democratic Revolution, or PRD, denounced the killing of a former mayor of a town in the western state of Michoacan, the third slaying of a party member in recent days. PRD chairman Jesus Zambrano urgently called on federal and state authorities to solve the murder of Javier Sagrero Chavez, the former mayor of the town of Quiroga.

Left's backing boosts Mexico tax plan chances, right skeptical

By Ana Isabel Martinez and Simon Gardner MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - The Mexican government's long-awaited tax reform won support from the leftist opposition on Monday, boosting its chances of passing Congress, but the center-right was more skeptical about a plan that foresees running up a budget deficit. Comprising a mix of higher taxes on the wealthier, a new charge on stock market gains and scrapping two-thirds of Mexico's tax breaks and exemptions, the plan was less aggressive than many had expected before its unveiling on Sunday.

Mexico dilutes fiscal reform as plan dodges sales tax

By Dave Graham and Alexandra Alper MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Mexico's government unveiled on Sunday a plan to increase taxes on higher income earners and levy a charge on stock market gains but shied away from widening a controversial sales tax amid an economic slowdown. The proposed reform will also include a universal pension, unemployment insurance and other measures to help the poor, who account for nearly half of the population, as well as emergency spending that will force a budget deficit this year and next.
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